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english poetry terms que 4/18

poetry

A kind of rhythmic, compressed language that uses figures of speech and imagery designed to appeal to our emotions and imagination.

prosody

study of versification, meter, and the rhytmic sense of the poem

enjambment

the continuation of meaning, without pause or break, from one line of poetry to the next; run-on line

end-stopped line

A line that ends with a natural speech pause, usually marked by punctuation

tone

author's attitude

diction

the author's choice of words that creates tone, attitude, and style, as well as meaning ex: formal/colloquial, abstract/concret, literal/figurative

poetic diction

the use of specific types of words, phrases, or literary structures that are not common in contemporary speech or prose

dialect

the usage or vocabulary that is characteristic of a specific group of people

vernacular

the everyday speech of the people (as distinguished from literary language); local language of dialect

colloquialism

a word or phrase (including slang) used in everyday conversation and informal writing but that is often inappropriate in formal writing (y'all, ain't)

denotation

The dictionary definition of a word

connotation

an idea that is implied or suggested; secondary meaning

literal language

A form of language in which writers and speakers mean exactly what their words denote.

figurative language

Writing or speech that is not intended to carry literal meaning and is usually meant to be imaginative and vivid.

inversion

the reversal of the normal order of words

anaphora

repetition of a word or phrase as the beginning of successive clauses (like parallelism)

trope

language used in a figurative or nonliteral sense

imagery

language that appeals to the senses

metaphor

a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity; comparison with out like or as

similie

comparison with like or as

metonymy

substituting the name of an attribute or feature for the name of the thing itself (as in 'they counted heads', press, bottle, xerox)

synecdoche

a figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole or the whole for a part (ex: i hear america singing, hands for laborers)

irony

the use of words to convey the opposite of their literal meaning; or, incongruity between what is expected and what actually happens

personification

the act of attributing human characteristics to abstract ideas etc.

apostrophe

address to an absent, dead, or imaginary person OR an inanimiate object

pathetic fallacy

The attribution of human emotions or characteristics to inanimate objects or to nature; for example angry clouds; a cruel wind.

assonance

the repetition of similar vowels in the stressed syllables of successive words (sweat dreams)

consonance

the repetition of consonants (or consonant patterns) especially at the ends of words (middle/muddle)

alliteration

repetition of initial consonant sounds

rhyme

correspondence in the sounds of two or more lines (especially final sounds)

rhyme scheme

the pattern of end rhymes in a poem

historical rhymes

Words spelled the same and look alike but sound differently due to pronunciation changes over the years (ever/persever)

eye rhyme

rhyme that appears correct from spelling but does not rhyme because of pronunciation

rime riche

The repetition of the consonant that preceeds as well as the one
that follows, the last stressed vowel; the resulting pair of words are pronounced
alike but have different meanings. (seen/scene)

rhythm

the pattern of stressed and unstressed syllables in a line of poetry

accentual-syllabic

the meter units consist of a recurrent pattern of stresses in a recurrent number of syllables. The stress-and-syllable type has been the predominant meter of English poetry since the fourteenth century (chaucer)

meter

rhythm as given by division into parts of equal time

scansion

The process of measuring the stresses in a line of verse in order to determine the metrical pattern of the line; uses specific visual symbols

numbering feet

number of units of metrical feet

iambic pantameter

unit of verse with 10 syllables per line, one unstressed, and one stressed

blank verse

unrhymed verse (usually in iambic pentameter)

free verse

unrhymed verse without a consistent metrical pattern

stanza

a group of lines in a poem

strophe

a stanza, or any less regular subdivision of a poem, such as a verse paragraph

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