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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. CKD: stages 1-4
  2. Acute Renal Failure (ARF)
  3. MNT: CKD stages 1-4
  4. Nutrition goals: ESRD
  5. Continuous Ambulatory Peritoneal Dialysis (CAPD)
  1. a -sudden reduction in glomerular filtration rate (GFR)
    -Alteration in the ability for the kidney to remove biological wastes. Unable to regulate levels of e-lytes, acid, and nitrogenous wastes in blood.
    -Usually occurs when body is under severe stress, ex trauma, burns form drug toxicity
    -Urine may be diminished in quantity or absent
  2. b -maintain or obtain nutritional status
    -control edema and e-lyte imbalance by controlling Na, k, and fluid intake
    -prevent or slow development of renal osteodystrophy by controling ca, po4, and vit D intake
    -Enable pt to eat palateble diet that fits his/her life style
  3. c -low pro: 0.6-0.75 gm/kg 50% HBV
    -energy: 30-35 kcal/kg
    -Na: 2000 mg/day
    -K: unrestricted
    -P: 10-12 mg/kg/day
    -ca: 1200 mg/day
    -fluid: no restiction
  4. d No dialysis
  5. e -does not use machine
    -exchanges made using gravity
    -dialysate remains in peritoneum
    -exchanges occur 4-5x day
    -allows for more normal lifestyle
    -increased risk of infection

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. Monitor Na, K, pro, fluid, Phos
  2. -filtration:blood filtered through glomerulus
    -reabsorption: selective process
    -secretion: H ions, K secreted into tuble
  3. -when fluid levels are high and osmolality is low=Vasopressin stopped
    -When fluid is low and osmolality high=vasopressin fucntioning
  4. -utilizes peritoneum to serve as filter
    -catheter placed in abdomen into peritoneal cavity
    -Dialysate used in high dextrose solution
    -less effficient than hemodialysis
    -tx takes place 3x/wk for 10-12 hrs
    -uses a machine
  5. -Phos and Ca need to be monitored
    -Cannot be 2 low or 2 high, phos controls Ca uptake from bones.

5 True/False questions

  1. Chronic Kidney Dz (CKD)-Conditions that affect the kidney w/potential to cause either progressive loss of kidney function or complications resulting from decreased kidney function. Presence of kidney damage or decreased level of kidney function for 3 months or more.

          

  2. MNT:ARFMaintain homeostatic balance of fluids, e-lytes, and organic solutes

          

  3. Etiology: CKD-DM is #1 cause of CKD
    -Followed by HTN
    -CKD leads to CVD and other co morbid complications

          

  4. Labs associated w/kidney dz-when fluid levels are high and osmolality is low=Vasopressin stopped
    -When fluid is low and osmolality high=vasopressin fucntioning

          

  5. Renal FunctionMonitor Na, K, pro, fluid, Phos

          

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