A device employed in Anglo-Saxon poetry in which the name of a thing is replaced by one of its functions or qualities, as in "ring-giver" for king and "whale-road" for ocean.
A noun or a pronoun placed beside another noun or pronoun to identify or describe it.
use of parallel and appositive expressions (Anglo-Saxon poetry, as seen in Caedmon's Hymn)
characteristics of epic
invocation of muse, starts in media res, epic catalogs, epic simile, interfering supernatural beings, resolved by great contest/battle/deed
bob and wheel
Sir Gawain and the Green Knight. Five lines rhyming ababa. The first of these rhyming lines contains only one stress and is called the bob. The four lines that follow have each three stresses and are together called the wheel
Elaborately patterned prose style characterized by extensive use of simile and illustration, balanced constructions, alliteration, and antithesis
a technique by which a writer addresses an inanimate object, an idea, or a person who is either dead or absent.
major literary modes in Elizabethan/Renaissance poetry
pastoral, heroic, lyric, satiric, elegiac, tragic, comic
idealizes the rural life (especially the life of shepherds), emphasizes love, singing, leisure, humility, contentment. Most famous was Marlowe's The Passionate Shepherd to His Love
a verse form suited to the treatment of heroic or elevated themes. Spenser's Faerie Queene is example.
Renaissance/Elizabethan subgenre; Thomas Kyd's Spanish Tragedy (1592), Hamlet
unrhymed iambic pentameter
an extended witty, paradoxical, or startling metaphor
singling out parts of a woman's body and making metaphors/similes for them
a line of verse that has six iambic feet
deux ex machina
a Latin phrase meaning 'god from the machine,' referring to the practice in ancient theatre of lowering a deity onto the stage to resolve a crisis in the plot. The phrase is now applied to any improbable event, chance or coincidence used by a dramatist to rescue characters from an impossible situation.
central narrative seems to be the author's original story but blends reality and fiction. explores boundaries of reality and fiction. Pale Fire, Samuel Beckett, Tristam Shandy