2.- Complex Carbohydrates
3.- Dietary fiber = roughage
A Water soluble fiber eg. oat bran, fruit
- help to lower colesterol
B Insulble fiber eg. hole grain and beans - help to prevent colon cancer
Complex carbohydrate eg. grains, vegetables and fruits - provide energy
Simple sugar eg. syrup,gelly, crakers, candys ans soft drinks.
Suplies empty calories.
|Cariogenics food||Produces or promoting denta decay. Refined carbohydrates, as a candys and sweets are cariogenic.|
|Factors afecting eat|| 1.- The long duracion in the mount|
2.- Frecuecy of intake
3.- Estimulation for salivary flow - wich is important:
- Speeds clearance dietary fluoride to strengthen the tooth and assist in remineralization.
|Protein|| Build and repair the body. (20 amino acid, 8 are essencials)|
1.- maintaing life and
2.- support nomal growth
Complete protein (well alance - 8) 1 and 2
Partially complete, (unbalance mixture - 8) 1
Incomplete protein (not support life or normal growth)
|Fats|| Trigleycerides = lipids|
6 important functions in the body
Energy, fatty acids, transport vitamins, heat insulation, cell membrane, cushions.
Not more 30 % of calories comes from fats.
Icrease fats lead cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and cancer.
|Cholesteral|| Presence in saturated fats, Good fats = Unsaturated and poli ad monounsaturated = high density lipoproteinHDL|
Bad fats = cholesterol and saturated fats = low density lipoprotein LDL