119,000 imprisoned in interment camps because US was afraid they were spies,result of pearl harbor
Fair Employment Practices Commision
requiried that companies not discriminate on the basis of race or religion. was intended to help African Americans and other minorities obtain jobs. created the Fair Employment Practices Committee (FEPC) by signing Executive Order 8802.This was due in large part to the urging of A. Philip Randolph, who had the support of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters.
Battle of the Coral Sea
A battle between Japanese and American naval forces that stopped the Japanese advance on Australia. the first naval battle fought entirely by planes based on aircraft carriers. may 1942
Battle of the Atlantic
Germany's naval attempt to cut off British supply ships by using u-boats. Caused Britain and the US to officially join the war after their ships were sunk. After this battle, the Allies won control of the seas, allowing them to control supply transfer, which ultimately determined the war. 1939-1945
November, 1943 - A meeting of Allied leaders Roosevelt, Churchill, and Chiang Kai-Shek in Egypt to define the Allies goals with respect to the war against Japan, they announced their intention to seek Japan's unconditional surrender and to strip Japan of all territory it had gained since WW I.
June 6, 1944 - Led by Eisenhower, over a million troops (the largest invasion force in history) stormed the beaches at Normandy and began the process of re-taking France.
Jan. 14-23, 1943 - FDR and Chruchill met in Morocco to settle the future strategy of the Allies following the success of the North African campaign. They decided to launch an attack on Italy through Sicily before initiating an invasion into France over the English Channel. Also announced that the Allies would accept nothing less than Germany's unconditional surrender to end the war.
When FDR, Churchill, and Stalin meet; they agreed to wage war on Japan, to divide Germany into 4 equal parts, on the big 5's veto, and to hold free elections for the liberated countries
War Production Board
Created in 1942, this organization oversaw the production of planes, tanks, artillery pieces, and munitions needed for entering WWII, established by FDR
Office of Price Administration
Instituted in 1942, this agency was in charge of stabilizing prices and rents and preventing speculation, profiteering, hoarding and price administration. The OPA froze wages and prices and initiated a rationing program for items such as gas, oil, butter, meat, sugar, coffee and shoes in order to support the war effort and prevent inflation.
Battle of Midway
U.S. naval victory over the Japanese fleet in June 1942, in which the Japanese lost four of their best aircraft carriers. It marked a turning point in World War II.
Soft underbelly of Europe
Italy. In World War II, Churchill thought he could keep casualties down by attacking Germany through the 'soft underbelly' of Italy rather than the cross-channel invasion through France advocated by both the Americans and Canadians. Remember, Britain lost nearly a million men in World War I. As it was, Italy was still a difficult and costly campaign.
December, 1943 - A meeting between FDR, Churchill and Stalin in Iran to discuss coordination of military efforts against Germany, they repeated the pledge made in the earlier Moscow Conference to create the United Nations after the war's conclusion to help ensure international peace.
Eisenhower planned to strike at Normandy, they set up a dummy army to fake out Hitler, it looked like it would attack French Seaport of Calais. The invasion of Normandy was the largest land and sea attack in history. It started on June 6, 1944. It was known as D-Day: British, American, French, Canadian troops fought their way onto 60 mile beach. Germans sheltered behind 3 feet thick concrete walls. The Allies took heavy casualties.
The 33rd U.S. president, who succeeded Franklin D. Roosevelt upon Roosevelt's death in April 1945. Truman, who led the country through the last few months of World War II, is best known for making the controversial decision to use two atomic bombs against Japan in August 1945. After the war, Truman was crucial in the implementation of the Marshall Plan, which greatly accelerated Western Europe's economic recovery.
July 26, 1945 - Allied leaders Truman, Stalin and Churchill met in Germany to set up zones of control and to inform the Japanese that if they refused to surrender at once, they would face total destruction.
Smith-Connally Anti-Strike Act
June 1943; passed by Congress because of threats of lost production through strikes; authorized fed. govt to operate businesses threatened by strikes (coal mines & railroads)
United States admiral of the Pacific fleet during World War II who used aircraft carriers to destroy the Japanese navy (1885-1966) Fought in battle of Midway.
operation between America and Britain. Attack on north africa. The U.S would take Morocco, The British would take Libya and then they would both come together to get Algiers. They wanted to stop the German's from advancing on Egypt. 0General George Patton helped lead the allies to victory.
AKA D-day. The American and British invasion of France in World War II; Normandy is a province of northern France. The successful invasion began a series of victories for the Allies, and Germany surrendered less than a year later
Election of 1944
FDR/Truman (D) vs. Thomas E. Dewey (R); FDR received 53.5 percent of nationwide vote; concerning to Democrats because FDR had some health problems, which is why Truman was his running mate
Battle of the Bulge
This was Germany's last attempt at success against the Allies during WWII. epic failure, served as a way to waste men, supplies, and fuel. The Germans went through Belgium (which was a bad idea because Belgium was a neutral country, and it caused more tension and hostility) to get to the Western Front
The Manhattan Project was the codename to develop the first atomic bomb. The project was led by the United States, and included participation from the United Kingdom and Canada. Bombs were dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.