APUSH Chapter 23 Terms

28 terms by themaryberry 

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Warren Harding

president after World War I who promised to return the US to normalism

Fordney-McCumber Tariff Act (1922)

Increase of tariff rates.

Bureau of Budget

created in 1921 to assist the President in preparing estimates for annual expenditures and receipts

Teapot Dome

a government scandal involving a former United States Navy oil reserve in Wyoming that was secretly leased to a private oil company in 1921

Calvin Coolidge

elected Vice President and succeeded as 30th President of the United States when Harding died in 1923 (1872-1933)

Herbert Hoover

31st President of the United States

Assembly Line

mechanical system in a factory whereby an article is conveyed through sites at which successive operations are performed on it

Open Shop

a company whose workers are hired without regard to their membership in a labor union

Welfare Capitalism

when companies provide incentives to build better relationships with employees; health insurance, safety standards, buy stock in the company

Jazz Age

Name for the 1920s, because of the popularity of jazz-a new type of American music that combined African rhythms, blues, and ragtime

Consumerism

a movement advocating greater protection of the interests of consumers

Charles Lindberg

the prospects for commercial flight seemed dim until the 1920's, when this man's famous solo flight from New York to Paris electrified the nation and the world.

Sigmund Freud

Austrian neurologist who originated psychoanalysis (1856-1939)

Margaret Sanger

United States nurse who campaigned for birth control and planned parenthood

Modernism

practices typical of contemporary life or thought

Fundamentalism

the interpretation of every word in the sacred texts as literal truth

Revivalists

Spurred by protestant preachers who thought Americans had become immoral and reviving religious practices was vital to country's future these preachers wanted to revive & reenergize role of religion in America

Volstead Act (1919)

This law that established a Prohibition Bureau within the Treasury Department was under budgeted and largely ineffective, especially in strongly anti-prohibition states

Organized Crime

professional criminals or gangsters earned big money providing society alcohol

Immigration Quota Laws

1921: Limited immigration to 3% of number of foreign-born citizens from a given nation counted in 1910 Census. 1924: Set quotas of 2% based on the Census of 1890. These laws chiefly restricted groups considered "undesirale" to nativists.

Sacco and Vanzetti

In 1920 these two men were convicted of murder and robbery. They were found guilty and died in the electric chair unfairly

Ku Klux Klan

a secret society of white Southerners in the United States

Disarmament

act of reducing or depriving of arms

Washington Conference (1921)

US, Britain, Japan, France, and Italy to reduce naval tonnage and halt construction for 10 years; US and Japan to respect Pacific territorial holdings, Kellog-Briand Pact to "outlaw war"

Kellogg-Briand Treaty (1928)

Renounced the aggressive use of force to achieve national ends.

War Debts

During the war, the United States loaned huge amounts of funds to help with the war but the debts took too long to be paid back. Germany had a hard time paying back their debts.

Reparations

payment for damages after a war

Dawes Plan (1924)

U.S. Investors give to Wall Street Bankers give private loans to German pays reparations to Britain and France who pay debts to US treas.

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