AP Poetry Terms 7, 8, and 9 - Figures of Speech: Simile and Metaphor; Symbolism, Allegory; and Syntax

10 terms by nawsinb 

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figurative language

to convey a meaning other than the actual meaning of the words

hyperbole

an exaggeration or an understatement

synecdoche

using a part to signify the whole

metonymy

substituting an attribute of a thing for the thing itself

personification

endowing inanimate objects or abstract concepts with animate characteristics or qualities

metaphor

establishes a comparison without an explicit verbal cue; the comparison is implied in such a way that the figurative term is substituted for or identified with the literal one

simile

establishes a comparison explicitly with the words "like" or "as"

symbol

any object or action that represents something beyond itself; these are less systematic and more openended in their interpretation

allegory

a form of narrative in which people, places, and happenings have hidden or symbolic meaning; establishes a strict system of correspondences between deails of action and a pattern of meaning

syntax

the arrangement of words in a sentence, phrase, or clause; this refers to the grammatical strucure of words in sentences and the deployment of sentences in longer units throughout the poem; an important element of tone

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