John F. Kennedy
president during part of the cold war and especially during the superpower rivalry and the cuban missile crisis. he was the president who went on tv and told the public about hte crisis and allowed the leader of the soviet uinon to withdraw their missiles. other events, which were during his terms was the building of the berlin wall, the space race, and early events of the Vietnamese war.
Richard M. Nixon
He was a committee member of the House of Representatives, Committee on Un-American Activities (to investigate "subversion"). He tried to catch Alger Hiss who was accused of being a communist agent in the 1930's. This brought Nixon to the attention of the American public. In 1956 he was Eisenhower's Vice-President.
Cuban socialist leader who overthrew a dictator in 1959 and established a Marxist socialist state in Cuba (born in 1927)
The buildup of conventional troops and weapons to allow a nation to fight a limited war without using nuclear weapons
A civilian organization sponsored by the United States government
Alliance for Progress
A program in which the United States tried to help Latin American countries overcome poverty and other problems
Bay of Pigs invasion
Invasion of Cuba planned by the CIA by Cuban exiles, disaster, marked by poor planning and lack of U.S. air cover, also CIA underestimated Castro's support
Cuban Missile Crisis
The 1962 confrontation between US and the Soviet Union over Soviet missiles in Cuba
Ruled the USSR from 1958-1964; lessened government control of soviet citizens; seeked peaceful coexistence with the West instead of confrontation
Direct telephone link created by Kennedy and Kruschev to allow leaders to communicate instantly in times of crisis
Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
(JFK) 1963, Wake of Cuban Missile Crisis (climax of Cold War, closest we've ever come to nuclear war) Soviets & US agree to prohibit all above-ground nuclear tests, both nations choose to avoid annihilating the human race w/ nuclear war, France and China did not sign
A wall separating East and West Berlin built by East Germany in 1961 to keep citizens from escaping to the West
The campaign program advocated by JFK in the 1960 election. He promised to revitalize the stagnant economy and enact reform legislation in education, health care, and civil rights.
Equal Pay Act
Made it illegal for employers to pay female workers less than men for the same job
Spending money raised by borrowing
A competition of space exploration between the United States and Soviet Union
Commission made by LBJ after killing of John F. Kennedy. (Point is to investigate if someone paid for the assasination of Kennedy.) Conclusion is that Oswald killed Kennedy on his own. Commissioner is Chief Justice Warren.
Lyndon B. Johnson
Signed the civil rights act of 1964 into law and the voting rights act of 1965. he had a war on poverty in his agenda. in an attempt to win, he set a few goals, including the great society, the economic opportunity act, and other programs that provided food stamps and welfare to needy famillies. he also created a department of housing and urban development. his most important legislation was probably medicare and medicaid.
Civil Rights Act
This secured the rights of freedmen., it gave citizenship to African- Americans
War On Poverty
President Lyndon B. Johnson's program in the 1960's to provide greater social services for the poor and elderly
Economic opportunity act
An economic legislation that was part of the Great Society. It created many social programs to help the poor.
President Johnson called his version of the Democratic reform program the Great Society. In 1965, Congress passed many Great Society measures, including Medicare, civil rights legislation, and federal aid to education.
A program added to the Social Security system in 1965 that provides hospitalization insurance for the elderly and permits older Americans to purchase inexpensive coverage for doctor fees and other health expenses.
Federal program that provides medical benefits to poor Americans
Immigration and Nationality act of 1965
abolished the national-origins quotas and providing for the admission each year of 170,000 immigrants from the Eastern Hemisphere and 120,000 from the Western Hemisphere
The chief justice that overturned Plessy v. Ferguson in Brown v. Board of Education (1954); he was the first justice to help the civil rights movement, judicial activism