The Last of the Mohicans
1757. Leatherstocking Tales. First genuine Western heroes in AMerican lit. By James Cooper. "Noble savage"
1776. Call for independence from Britain, opposing monarchy. Thomas Paine used biblical analogies in it.
The Federalist Papers
1787. Support the ratification of the Constitution. Challenged politics of the time by saying a large republic had best minority protection.
1831. Called for the "immediate and uncompensated emancipation of the slaves". By William Lloyd Garrison
Democracy in America
1835. Argued American individualism arose as a result of the absence of an aristocracy.
The Hudson River School
Mid 1800s. Group of artists led by Thomas Cole. Was the first American School of art. Painted landscapes of America's beauty.
1836. Instruction books. 4/5 of school children read these poems, essays, stories, etc. By William McGuffey
1849. Thoreau argued that individuals have a moral responsibility to oppose unjust laws and unjust actions by governments. Used by Dr. King for civil disobedience.
Uncle Tom's Cabin
1872. Strengthened Northern opposition to slavery. By Harriet Beech Stowe, second only to the Bible in sales.
1854. About transcendentalism (truth through inner reflection and exposure to nature). By Henry David Thoreau.
A Century of Dishonor
1881. Raised public awareness of the gov's record of betraying Native Americans. Helen Hunt Jackson.
The Influence of Sea Power upon History
1890. Argued that control of the sea was key to world dominance. Helped grow the US naval power.
The Significance of the Frontier
1893. Development of American individualism and democracy was shaped by the frontier experience. Focused on a lacking of feudal aristocracy.
The Wonderful Wizard of Oz
1900. Written as a political commentary on free silver and the plight of american farmers. L. Frank Baum.
The Ashcan School of Art
early 1900s. Eight artist led by John Sloan. Focused on depicting urban scenes such as crowded tenements and boisterous barrooms.
1906. Exposed Chicago's meatpacking industry. Muckraking novel. Helped with the Pure Food and Drug Act and Meat Inspection Act of 1906. Upton Sinclair
1907. Held that truth was to be tested, above all, by the practical consequences of an idea, by action rather than theories. Did not believe in absolute truth. William James.
Lost Generation of the 1920s.
1920s. Writers were disillusioned with American society during the 1920s. sinclair lewis and F. Scott Fitzgerald
1920s. Created distinctive African American lit. Expressed pride in there black culture. Langston Hughes.
Popular among youth because it symbolized a desire to break with tradition. Musicians such as Joseph King Oliver
The Organization Man
1956. criticizes the homogeneous cultures of the 1950s. Criticizes American conformity. WH Whyte.
On the Road
1957. Expressed alienation of the Beat Generation of the 1950s. Rejected middle class conformity. Jack Kerouac.
1962. Protested the contamination of the air, land, and water with chemical insecticides such as DDT. Sparked the environmental movement. Rachel Carson.