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What is the capital of Brazil?

Brasilia

What is the highest peak in Brazil?

Pico da Neblina

The Brazilian shield is similar to what type of landform?

Plateau

What climate is found in most of Brazil?

tropical wet and dry

What other climate is found in Brazil (in the south)?

temperate

What is the dominant religion in Brazil?

Roman Catholic

Brazil is approximately the size of what country?

the continental United States of America

How does Brazil compare with other nations in terms of size and population?

It is the 5th largest in terms of both size and population.

What is the primary language of Brazil?

Portuguese

What is the monetary unit of Brazil?

Real

What river is the largest in the world in terms of volume?

Amazon River

Brazil is defined as what type of government?

a federal republic

The ethnic majority in Bolivia is what race?

Amerindian

The Salt Plains (Salar de Uyuni) are found in what nation?

Bolivia

Who discovered Machu Picchu in 1911?

Hiram Bingham

Peru, Bolivia, and Ecuador are all defined as what type of government?

a republic

What monument was built in Ecuador to mark the position of the equator?

Ciudad La Mitad del Mundo

who became the first Amerindian president of Bolivia?

Evo Morales

Is Chile an MDC or an LDC?

MDC

Chile is about 2 times the size of what U.S. state?

Montana

Which seaport city is especially important to Chile?

Valparaiso

The primary language in almost all Latin American nations is what?

Spanish

Who was Chile's first female president?

Michelle Bachelet

Who is the current president of Brazil and the first female president?

Dilma Rousseff

What two legislative houses are part of the bicameral congress in Brazil?

Federal Senate and Chamber of Deputies

When did people begin arriving in Brazil ?

as early as 50,000 years ago

What treaty divided South America between Spain and Portugal?

the Treaty of 1494

Who originally claimed Brazil for Portugal?

Pedro Alvares Cabral

Where did the first long terms settlers from Portugal arrive at?

Sao Vicente

In 1889, Brazil adopted what form of government?

a republic

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