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data transceiver

Nearly all NICs contain a(n) _____, the device that transmits and receives data signals.

PCI

By far, the most popular expansion board NIC is one that uses a ____ bus.

lanes

PCIe slots vary depending on the number of _____ they support.

external

CompctFlash is an example of a peripheral device attached to the computer's _____ bus.

speed

The primary difference between the two USB standards is _____.

Firmware

______ is a set of data or instructions that has been saved to a ROM (read-only memory) chip (which is on the NIC).

RAM

Each time a computer starts up, the device drivers for all its connected peripherals are loaded into _____.

RX

If the _____ NIC LED indicator is blinking, the NIC is functioning and receiving frames.

interrupt

A(n) _____ is the circuit board wire over which a device issues voltage to signal this request.

CMOS

_____ is a type of microchip that requires very little energy to operate.

BIOS

The ____ is a simple set of instructions that enables a computer to initially recognice its hardware

base I/O port

The _____ setting specifies, in hexadecimal notation, which area of memory will act as a channel for moving data between the NIC and the CPU

firmware

An NIC's transmission characteristics are held in the adapter's ______.

hub

A _____ is a repeater with more than one output port

Intelligent

_____ hubs possess internal processing capabilities

VLANs

Switches can create ____ by grouping a number of ports into a broadcast domain.

STP (Spanning Tree Protocol)

To eliminate the possiblility of a broadcast storm, switches and bridges implement the _____.

content

Switches that operate anywhere between Layer 4 and Layer 7 are also known as _____ switches.

router

A _____ is a multiport connectivity device that directs data between nodes on a network.

Static

_____ routing is a technique in which a network administrator programs a router to use specific paths between nodes.

Gateways

_____ are combinations of networking hardware and software that connect two dissimilar kinds of networks.

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