A deliberate repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of several successive poetic lines, prose sentence,clauses, or paragraphs.
An observation or claim that is in opposition to your claim or an author's claim.
Any prayer-like sentence that is directly addressed to someone who is not present; to a deity or muse or other power
The argument "everyone is doing it" fallacy; especially appreciated by politicians trying to get voters
Begging the Question
The argument that occurs when the speaker states a claim that includes a word or phrase that needs to be defined before the argument can proceed
Sentence structure that is a combination of a dependent clause and an independent clause; (combination of a sentence that cannot stand alone but is supported by another sentence that can)
A regional speech pattern; the way people talk; also referred to as "colloquial language"
Poisoning the Well
A person or character is introduced with language that suggests that he is not reliable before the reader knows anything about him
A claim or a statement of the truth, that makes sense to at least to the person making the the argument
The argument that distracts the reader by raising issues irrelevant to the case. It is like being given too many suspects in a murder mystery
Answer is assumed designed to force the reader to respond in a predetermined manner
Straw Man Fallacy
Occurs when engaging in an argument that defines the opponents position when they are not present to defend themselves and its an easy attack
Argument from Ignorance
An argument stating that something is true because it has never been proven false
Latin for "does not follow" and is an argument by misdirection or any argument that does not follow any Logical order
Figure of speech in which the sound of the word imitates the thing or action associated with it
occurs when the author of an essay significantly alters his or her direction or style so much that it feels a different writer has taken over