Process of assimilating immigrants into American culture by teaching English, American history, and citizenship
Arab Oil Embargo
After the U.S. backed Israel in its war against Syria and Egypt, which had been trying to regain territory lost in the Six-Day War, the Arab nations imposed an oil embargo, which strictly limited oil in the U.S. and caused a crisis.
October 6, 1973 - Egypt and Syria attacked Israel. Moscow backed Egypt and both U.S. and U.S.S.R. put their armed forced on alert. In an attempt to pressure America into a pro-Arab stance, OPEC imposed an embargo on all oil to the U.S.
A Swiss Protestant theologian who said people were sinful and that religious truth was made know to humans only through God's grace, and people just had to accept God as true and be obedient.
Simone De Beauvoir
French author of The Second Sex. She argued for women's rights and was also a prominent figure in the existentialist movement. She died in 1986.
Western European countries of Belgium, The Netherlands, and Luxembourg.
(1913-1960) was the leading French existentialist; he became extremely influential, and joined the French resistance. Him and Sartre offered powerful answers to moral issues and the contemporary crisis.
nuclear power plant in Russia that had an explosion in 1986 & released radioactive materials into the air. Ukraine
Christian Democratic Party
Consists of the Christian Democratic union (CDU) and the Christian social Union (CSU). Allied parties on the center right. One of Germany's two main political party groupings since 1949. An advocate for Capitalism and of the US.
an international organization of European countries formed after World War II to reduce trade barriers and increase cooperation among its members.
A political party in Great Britain which developed from the Tories in the 1830s, One of the two major parties in the UK, it is generally more right wing, and more towards free-markets and the upper classes,advocates a mixed economy and encourages property owning
Charles De Gaulle
French general and statesman who became very popular during World War II as the leader of the Free French forces in exile (1890-1970)
The basic monetary unit of most members of the European Union (introduced in 1999).
A philosophy based on the idea that people give meaning to their lives through their choices and actions
important enviormental group. They formed a political party in 1979 that immediately became an electoral force.
A minor party dedicated to the environment, social justice, nonviolence, and the foreign policy of nonintervention. Ralph Nader ran as the Green party's nominee in 2000.
German philosopher whose views on human existence in
a world of objects and on Angst influenced the existential philosophers (1889-1976).
(1883-1969) German existentialist seeing all people as equally co-responsible for the terrors and injustices of the world.
Pope Paul VI
pope from 1963 to 1978; he presided over the Second Vatican Council after the death of Pope John XXIII; among his writings are the 1967 encyclical Populorum Progressio ("On the Development of Peoples") and the 1971 apostolic letter Octogesima Adveniens ("Eightieth Anniversary"), honoring Pope Leo XIII's encyclical Rerum. Novarum of 1891 (p. 184)
Jean Paul Sartre
A French existentialist who said that people just "turned up" and that there was no God to help honest people. Also said "man is condemned to be free" and people had to choose their actions.
Second Vatican Council
A national worldwide leadership council from 1962 to 1965 that brought tremendous changes to the catholic church
Female leader of conservatives in Great Britain who came to power. Pledged to limit social welfare, restrict union power, and end inflation. Formed Thatcherism, in which her economic policy was termed, and improved the British economic situation. She dominated British politics in 1980s, and her government tried to replace local property taxes with a flat-rate tax payable by every adult. Her popularity fell, and resigned.
Treaty of Maastricht
1992; European nations agree to make an economic and political integration with a common currency, passport, and banking system; Established structure and cooperation in immigration and law enforcement
Treaty of Rome
Pact, created in 1957, that set up the European Economic Community (also known as the Common Market).
Twenty-First Ecumenical Council