Vis à Vis - Chapitre 8, Grammaire

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Grammar.

achète
achètes
achète
achetons
achetez
achètent

Acheter - to buy
Irregular
present tense conjugations

en
en mille neuf cent vingt-trois

The preposition used to express "in" within a year, ex. in 1923.

dors
dors
dort
dormons
dormez
dorment

Dormir - to sleep
Irregular
present tense conjugations

pars
pars
part
partons
partez
partent

Partir - to leave, depart
Irregular
present tense conjugations

sens
sens
sent
sentons
sentez
sentent

Sentir - to feel; to sense; to smell
Irregular
present tense conjugations

sers
sers
sert
servons
servez
servent

Servir - to serve
Irregular
present tense conjugations

sors
sors
sort
sortons
sortez
sortent

Sortir - to leave; to do out
Irregular
present tense conjugations

Partir is the opposite of arriver.
Sortir is the opposite of entrer (to enter).
Both can be used alone or followed by a proposition.

Partir and sortir both mean 'to leave', but are used differently.

one is going out for the evening, or seeing another person regularly.
sortir ensemble - going out
sortir avec ___ - dating

Sortir can also mean that

a direct object, either a place or a person.

Quitter means 'to leave (go away from) something or someone'. It always requires

viens
viens
vient
venons
venez
viennent

Venir - to come
Irregular
present tense conjugation

deviens
deviens
devient
devenons
devenez
deviennent

Devenir - to become
Irregular
present tense conjugation

obtiens
obtiens
obtient
obtenons
obtenez
obtiennent

Obtenir - to obtain
Irregular
present tense conjugation

reviens
reviens
revient
revenons
revenez
reviennent

Revenir - to come back
Irregular
present tense conjugation

le passé récent

Venir de + inf. means 'to have just (done something)'. This is called

some require être as the auxiliary verb.

Most French verbs form the passé composé with avoir as the auxiliary verb. However,

je suis allé(e)
tu es allé(e)
il/on est allé
elle est allée
nous sommes allé(e)s
vous êtes allé(e)(s)
ils sont allés
elles sont allées

The past participle of verbs conjugated with être in the passé composé agrees with the subject in gender and number.
ex. passé composé of aller

aller - to go
arriver - to arrive
descendre - to go down; to get off
devenir (devenu) - to become
entrer - to enter
montrer - to go up; to climb
mourir (mort) - to die
naître (né) - to be born
partir - to leave
passer - to pass
rentrer - to return; to go home
rester - to stay
retourner - to return; to go back
revenir (revenu) - to come back
sortir - to go out
tomber - to fall
venir (venu) - to come

Verbs that take être in the passé composé.
Irregular past participles are in parenthesis.

general obligation or a necessity.

The expression il faut is the impersonal form of the verb falloir. Followed by an infinitive, it is used to express

il va falloir + inf.

In the near future (le futur proche), il faut + inf. becomes

il a fallu

In the passé composé, il faut becomes

il ne faut pas (one must not)

In the negative, the form ___ expresses a prohibited action.

before
il faut + noun

Il faut can also be followed by nouns referring to objects or to qualities to talk about what is needed. The partitive article is usually used ___ the noun in the construction ___.

la Californie
la Caroline du Nord et du Sud
la Floride
la Géorgie
la Louisiane
la Pennsylvanie
la Virginie
la Virginie-Occidentale

The names of most states in the USA are masculine, with nine exceptions.

le Mexique

In French, most place names that end in -e are feminine; most others are masculine. One exception is

à

Propositions with Geographical Names
cities and islands

en

Propositions with Geographical Names
continents
feminine countries, states, provinces
masculine countries, states, provinces starting with a vowel

au

Propositions with Geographical Names
masculine countries or provinces starting with a consonant

aux

Propositions with Geographical Names
all plural countries

dans le

exceptions:
au/du Texas
au/du Nouveau-Mexique
dans/de l'état de New York/Washington

Propositions with Geographical Names
regions
masculine states starting with a consonant

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