14.3 Imperial China Collapses

14 terms by oh15kouro

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Ottawa Hills Mr. Bobak Freshman

Kuomintang

Nationalist Party of China

Sun Yixian (aka Yat-sen)

leader of the Kuomintang; president of the new Republic of China in 1912; hoped to establish a gov. based on the Three Principles of the People

Qing Dynasty

ruled China since 1644

Three Principles of the People

nationalism, people's rights, and people's livelihood; Sun supported them

Yuan Shikai

Sun turned his rule over to him; betrayed democratic ideals of the revolution; his actions sparked revolts

May Fourth Movement

May 4, 1919; over 3,000 students gathered in the center of Beijing because they declared war against Germany

Chinese Communist Party

ally with Sun's nationalist; met in Shanghai to organize themselves; eventually lead to civil war

Mao Zedong (aka Tse-tung)

member of the Chinese Communist Party; ally with nationalists; recruited peasants for his Red Army

Tiananmen Square

where the students gathered in the May Fourth Movement

Jiang Jieshi (aka Chiang Kai-shek)

headed the Kuomintang after Sun died in 1925; promised democratic changes; became less and less democratic; push communists out during the Civil War

Chinese Civil War

Jiang turns against communists, becomes president; Red Army forms; Nationalists attack and push communists

Red Army

communists led by Mao in the Chinese Civil War

Long March

1933, Jiang gathered a large army around the communists' mountain hold; communists realized they were beat and 100,000 fled; only 7,000 made the journey

Manchuria

an industrialized province in the northeast part of China; Japan invades here when China is weak from Civil War; by 1938, Japan controlled a large part of China

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