Terms of Treaty of Versailles
Germany had to accept full responsibility for the war and pay reparations payments.
Causes of WWII
Tension left after WWI
Germany was unhappy with the agreements of the treaty
Left much bitterness Unresolved issues Nationalistic tension
Hitler and the Holocaust
Typical problems involving militarism, nationalism, fascism, and racism
a political system headed by a dictator that calls for extreme nationalism and racism and no tolerance of opposition
practice of giving in to an aggressor nation's demands in order to keep peace
the German airforce
cash and carry
World War II policy requiring nations at war to pay cash for all nonmilitary goods and to be responsible for transporting the goods from the United States
allows America to sell, lend, or lease arms or other war supplies to any nation considered "vital to the defense of the U.S."
United States military base on Hawaii that was bombed by Japan, bringing the United States into World War II. Pearl Harbor was attacked on December 7, 1941.
Agreement signed by President Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims
led the Allied invasion of North African and planned and executed the D-Day invasion at Normandy and the Battle of the Bulge
the organized killing of European Jews and others by the Nazis during WWII
U.S. destroyer sunk by German submarines off the coast of Iceland in October 1941, with the loss of over a hundred men
Battle of Bulge
WWII battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west
Battle of Stalingrad
Unsuccessful German attack on the city of Stalingrad during World War II from 1942 to 1943, that was the furthest extent of German advance into the Soviet Union.
the code name of the attack that they planned against Germany were they surround them so they have no chance of winning aka D-day
Allies of WWII
Britain, Soviet Union, US (also China, Poland, France)
Navajo Code Talkers
Native Americans from the Navajo tribe used their own language to make a code for the U.S. military that the Japanese could not desipher
Bataan Death March
Japanese forced about 60,000 of americans and philippines to march 100 miles with little food and water, most died or were killed on the way
secret american program during WWII to develop an atomic bomb
Hiroshima and Nagasaki
Two Japanese cities on which the U.S. dropped the atomic bombs to end World War II.
War Production Board
Created in 1942, this organization oversaw the production of planes, tanks, artillery pieces, and munitions needed for entering WWII
Office of war information
established by the government to promote patriotism and help keep Americans united behind the war effort.
1941 March on Washington
During the 1940s African Americans were being discriminated against in the war industry. A. Phillip Randolph asked FDR to alter this but instead FDR offered a compromise.
fear of Japanese-Americans as traitors, sent off (by law) to internment camps; removal of deemed threats in military areas
Korematsu vs. U.S
a 1944 SC decision that upheld as constitutional the internment of more than 100,000 Americans of Japanese descent in enampments during WW2.
A committee which studied the involvement of the United States in World War 1, investigating the reasons behind U.S. intervention.
Became president when FDR died; gave the order to drop the atomic bomb
international orgnization established after WWII with the goal of maintaining peace and cooperation in the international community