Buddhism/Hinduism

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Hinduism

An old religion that traces roots to other religions such as Vedic beliefs and Brahmanism. (It developed in India over a long period of time)

Dharma

A belief found in Hinduism that a person has to live an honorable life.

Vedas

A collection of sacred writings for Hindus

Sanskrit

an ancient Indian language

Brahmanism

Ancient ritual traditions where Brahmins played a big role. It helped lead to Hinduism.

Caste

A group or class in Hindu society

Karma

a belief that the good and evil done in a past life determines the nature of the person's next life.

Reincarnation

a belief that a person's soul is reborn after death.

Pilgrimage

a journey to a holey place

Brahmans

priest and religious scholars.

Kshatriyas

rulers and warriors.

Vaishyas

herders and merchants.

Shudras

servants farmers laborers. .

Samsara

a never ending cycle of birth, death, and rebirth.

Untouchables

People that had to do activities considered lowly or dirty

Buddha

A word that means enlightened in Sanskrit. Buddha is the name given to the man who started Buddhism (Siddhartha) .

Ascetic

Someone who gives up their possessions. (Self-denial )

Enlightenment

The goal of Buddhists which is gaining spiritual insight and finding truth.

Alms

Money or supplies given to the poor.

Nirvana

A state of happiness and peace

Buddhism

The religion that teaches that life brings suffering and that the only way you can escape it is seeking nirvana through enlightenment .

Four noble truths

The four basic principals of Buddhism.

Eightfold Path

A key idea of Buddhism where people that follow this religion should live their lives according to these eight teachings.

Right Understanding

Develop a deep understanding of the four noble truths.

Right Purpose

Live a life of selflessness, love, and nonviolence.

Right Speech

Be careful and honest in what you say, don't lie or gossip.

Right Action

Don't steal, kill, or lie, be honest.

Right way to earn a living

Do not work at a job that causes harm to people or living creatures.

Right Effort

Promote good actions and prevent evil actions.

Right Mindfulness

Be aware of but not attached to your emotions, thoughts and feelings.

Right Concentration

Focus your mind with such practices as mediation.

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