Sol y Viento- 9A Gramatica 1/2

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Subjunctive with Indefinite and Nonexistent Antecedents

The noun in the main clause is called the antecedent

because it comes before the dependent clause, and the information in the dependent clause refers back to it

Antecedents

are either definite or indefinite

definite antecedents

refer to persons or things you know, have contact with, have seen before, etc

Indefinite antecedents

someone or something you are searching for, need, or want and may or may not find (because you don't know if it exists or not)

when antecedent is definite

spanish uses indicative in the dependent clause (present)

when antecedent is indefinite

the verb in the dependent clause is subjunctive

subjunctive

is also used in dependent clauses that are preceded by nonexistent or negated antecedents

nonexistent antecedent

is someone or something that does not exist or that is believe by the speaker not to exist

no hay nadie que aprenda un idioma en dos semanas

there's no one that can learn a language in two weeks

no tenemos mascotas que hagan trucos

we don't have pets who can do tricks

no existen familias que no tengan problemas

no families exist that don't have problems

Definite antecedent w/ present (indicative)

Tenga una mascota que CUESTA poco dinero mantener
-I have a pet that costs little money to maintain

Definite antecedent w/ present (indicative)

Tengo un perro que ES obediente
-I have a dog that's obedient

Indefinite Antecedent w/ subjunctive

Busco una mascota que CUESTE poco dinero mantener
-I'm looking for a pet that costs little money to maintain

Indefinite Antecedent w/ subjunctive

Prefiero tener un perro que SEA obediente

Negative Antecedent w/ subjunctive

No hay gatos que no NECESITEN mucho cuido
-there aren't any cats that don't need lots of care

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