Expanded westward and eventually controlled the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. Ottoman rulers built a strong military by developing a guard called janissaries. Ottomans began to master new technology.
The ruler was called the shah, the ruler sent shia preachers to convert members of Turkish tribes to the Ottoman Empire.
Sir Robert Clive in India
A military genius and aggressive British empire builder who saved the British. He served as chief representative in India. Restricted the French from the Fort of Pondicherry. Led a small British force to victory against a Mogul army. The defeated Moguls gave the East India Company the power to collect taxes from lands in the area around Calcutta. Britain rose to power in India.
Aurangzeb's Mogul rule
He was the son of Shah Jahan. He was the victorious son of all his brothers in the fight for power. He killed his brother and then imprisoned his father. He was crowned ruler in 1658. During his reign the empire reached its greatest size. He stopped the Hindu tradition of Suttee and levying for illegal taxes. He also imposed tax on non-Muslims. Prohibited building of new Hindu temples. Forced Hindus to convert to Islam. He died in 1707.