60 poetry terms and 35 poems

108 terms by kevin_conn 

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Free Verse

Poetry that does not have a regular meter or rhyme scheme

Metrical Verse

poetry with a regular meter

Tetrameter

a verse line having four metrical feet

Pentameter

a verse line having five metrical feet

Hexameter

a verse line having six metrical feet

Stressed

a stressed foot

Unstressed

an unstressed foot

Iamb

a metrical unit with unstressed-stressed syllables

Anapest

a metrical unit with unstressed-unstressed-stressed syllables

Trochee

a metrical unit with stressed-stressed-unstressed syllables

Dactyl

a metrical unit with stressed-unstressed-unstressed syllables

End-Stop

a line that comes to a full stop with a punctuation mark

Enjambment

a line that forces it's way on the the next line, often for a specific meaning in the poem: building speed, imagery

Caesura

a break or pause (usually for sense) in the middle of a verse line

Rhyme Scheme

the pattern of rhyme in a poem

Ballad Stanza

In poetry, a Ballad stanza is the four-line stanza, known as a quatrain, most often found in the folk ballad. This form consists of alternating four- and three-stress lines. Usually only the second and fourth lines rhyme (in an a/b/c/b pattern).

Italian (Petrarchan) Sonnet

a sonnet consisting of an octave with the rhyme pattern abbaabba, followed by a sestet with the rhyme pattern cdecde or cdcdcd

English (Shakespearean) Sonnet

consists of 3 quatrains and a couplet, usually rhyming abab cdcd efef gg

Villanelle

highly structured poem consisting of six stanzas: five tercets and a quatrain; first and third line are repeated throughout

Types of Imagery

sight- visual smell-olfactory hearing- auditory touch- tactile taste- gusatory

Poetry and Origins in Life (Private, Public, Nature and Time)

Poetry starts within and has always shared common themes: life, death, nature, love, etc.

Poetry and Cliché

Poetry plays with and uses cliché

Poetry and Disequilibrium

Poetry pushes the boundaries of our comforts and tackles what we are unfamiliar with or afraid of.

Poetry and Poignancy

Poetry that makes us feel and is deep, stirring and poignant.

Metaphor

a figure of speech in which an expression is used to refer to something that it does not literally denote in order to suggest a similarity

Simile

a figure of speech that expresses a resemblance between things of different kinds (usually formed with 'like' or 'as')

Personification

representing an abstract quality or idea as a person or creature

Symbol

anything that stands for or represents something else. Symbols can have established meaning such as cultural, spiritual, or historical associations, or they can take unmeaning in their own context.

Alliteration

use of the same consonant at the beginning of each stressed syllable in a line of verse

Allusion

passing reference or indirect mention

Denotation

the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression

Connotation

an idea that is implied or suggested

Agency

having power or authority, speakers of the poem usually have the most agency.

Persona

the speaker, voice, or character assumed by the author of a piece of writing

Speech Act

Any verbal or nonverbal message as part of an interaction; the basic building block of the social universe people create; threats, promises, insults, compliments, etc

Acknowledging (Speech Act)

...

Questioning (Speech Act)

...

Lamenting (Speech Act)

...

Content

something (a person or object or scene) selected by an artist or photographer for graphic representation

Genre

a class of art (or artistic endeavor) having a characteristic form or technique

Aubade

a poem about dawn; a morning love song; or a poem about the parting of lovers at dawn

Ekphrasis (Lyric Subgenre)

A poem about a work of art

Elegy (Lyric Subgenre)

A poem about death

Nativity Poem (Lyric Subgenre)

A poem about birth

The Narrative Poem/Narrative Impulse

Poetry that tells a story, or attempts to tell a story.

The Lyric Poem

"a spontaneously melodic expression" (opposed to narrative or dramatic poetry

The Romantic Period and the Turn to the Self (3 Changes)

Romanticism and Philosophical Change:
the turn to imagination, feeling, and nature.
Romanticism and Sociopolitical Change:
the turn to individual liberty and creativity.
Romanticism and Aesthetic Change:
formal strategies that result from these turns.

Victorian Period and the Context of the Poet's Work

1830-1901 This was a period of industrial, political, scientific, and military progress in England.

Modernism

genre of art and literature that makes a self-conscious break with previous genres

1 Cause of Modernism

Swift changes and grown in technology; WWI

1 Modernist Movement (Other than Imagism)

Futurism: deeply infatuated with the machine: its shapes and forms, its distances and speeds, and its brutality and violence.

Postmodernity

social relations characterized by a questioning of the notion of progress and history, the replacement of narrative with pastiche, and multiple, perhaps even conflicting, identities resulting from disjointed affiliations

Traits of Postmodern Art

Questioning Authority and Irony.
self-consciousness and reflexivity
the turn to the body, to the local, to the previously taboo lifestyle or identity
irony, parody and pastiche
challenging conventional reading practices
mixing of the conventions of popular and 'high art'

The Post-Lyric Lyric (Divergence from Tradition)

re-conceiving the concept of the maker, the authority of the individual poet,
expanding the range of what constitutes a poem,
working with changing technologies to expand our understanding of the page,
reconsidering the role of the audience and performance.

Historical Poetry (Essential Features)

Poetry about historical events or figures

Regional Poetry

Poetry that is about a specific place.

Byronic Hero

a self tormented outcast who is cynical and contemptuous of societal norms and is suffering from some unnamed or mysterious sin

Dramatic Monologue

a poem in which a speaker addresses a silent listener

Imagism

a movement by American and English poets early in the 20th century in reaction to Victorian sentimentality

Beat Poetry

The Beat Generation is a term used to describe a group of American writers who came to prominence in the 1950s, and the cultural phenomena that they wrote about and inspired (later sometimes called "beatniks")

New York School

an informal group of American poets, painters, dancers, and musicians active in the 1950s, 1960s in New York City; often drew inspiration from Surrealism and the contemporary avant-garde art movements, in particular action painting, abstract expressionism, Jazz, improvisational theater, experimental music, and the interaction of friends in the New York City art world's vanguard circle;

Sir Thomas Wyatt,

"Whoso List to Hunt, I Know Where Is an Hind" (Blackboard)

Percy Bysshe Shelley,

"Ozymandias" (577)

Wilfred Owen,

"Anthem for Doomed Youth" (548)

John Clare,

"I Am" (419)

Joy Harjo,

"Song for the Deer and Myself to Return On" (175)

Shane Rhodes,

"IntraVenus" (in BCP 75)

Emily Dickinson,

"The Brain—is wider than the Sky—"

W.H. Auden,

"Musée des Beaux Arts" (383)

Stanley Kunitz,

"The Portrait" (514)

Thylias Moss,

"One for All Newborns" (545)

E. E. Cummings,

"r-p-o-p-h-e-s-s-a-g-r" (174)

Elizabeth Bishop,

"One Art" (175)

Lorna Dee Cervantes,

"Poema para los Californios Muertos" (176)

Danielle Devereaux

"Cardiogram" (in BCP 35)

William Wordsworth

"Lines Composed a Few Miles above Tintern Abbey on Revisiting the Banks of the Wye During a Tour" (257)

William Butler Yeats,

"An Irish Airman Forsees His Death" (200)

Anne Sexton,

"Her Kind" (210)

Alfred, Lord Tennyson

"106 (Ring out, wild bells, to the wild sky)" (611)

Matthew Arnold

"Dover Beach" (146)

Philip Larkin,

"This Be the Verse" (515)

Frank O'Hara,

"Ave Maria" (547)

T. S. Eliot

"The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (201)

H.D.

"Oread" (174)

Allen Ginsberg,

"America" (471)

John Ashbery,

"Paradoxes and Oxymorons" (378)

Countee Cullen,

"Incident" (450)

Yusef Komunyakaa,

"Facing It" (24)

Julia Alvarez,

"From 33" (372)

Julie Cameron Gray,

"Widow Fantasies" (in BCP 41)

Ezra Pound,

"In a Station of the Metro" (561)

Robert Browning

"My Last Duchess" (170)

Ron Smith,

"The Teacher's Pass the Popcorn" (584)

Sherman Alexie

"Evolution" (152)

William Shakespeare,

"Sonnet 18" (574)

Langston Hughes,

"Harlem" (501)

Metaphor and Simile

compare unlike things, rest on a difference.

Metonymy and Synecdoche

"rest on congruences and correspondences"

Synecdoche

"A figure of speech in which a part is used for the whole." Arp and Johnson, for the sake of ease, subsume synecdoche under the term metonymy (430).

Metonymy

"A figure of speech in which some significant aspect or detail of an experience is used to represent the whole experience." More specifically, "the use of something closely related for the thing actually meant" (427).

Metaphor

"the comparison is not expressed but created when a figurative term is substituted for or identified with the literal term" (73).

Simile

"the comparison is expressed by the use of some word or phrase, such as like, as, than, similar to, resembles, or seems" (73).

Figure of Speech

"Broadly, any way of saying something other than the ordinary way; more narrowly, a way of saying one thing and meaning another" (425).

Figurative Language

"Language employing figures of speech, language that cannot be taken literally or only literally" (425).

Lorna Dee Cervantes

"Poema para los Californios Muertos" (176)

Poignancy

The feeling of being moved.

Elegy

a work of mourning written in response to the death of a person or persons, or even to the loss of a way of life.

Ekphrasis

poems about works of art (or "a verbal representation of a visual representation").

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