Chapter 9 - The Rise of Rome

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6th Grade - Chapter 9 - Roman Republic

republic

a form of government in which the leader is not a king or queen but a person elected by citizens

legion

smaller unit of the Roman army made up of about 6,000 soldiers

isolate

the be apart from others

capacity

the ability to contain or produce

chapter

a new division of time in history or in a book

status

position or rank

Etruscans

people who lived to the north of Rome in Etruria; greatly influenced the Romans and changed the city of Rome into a city of bricks and mortar rather than just grass-roofed huts

Tarquins

the strongest ruling family under the Etruscans

Latins

the local people from the area of what became known as Rome

Aeneas

the Trojan hero writing about by the poet Virgil, who people say helped to found the city of Rome

Remus

one of the twin brothers from the traditional story of the founding of Rome

Romulus

one of the twin brothers from the traditional story of the founding of Rome; some say Rome was named after him

Sicily

island off the south-western tip of mainland Italy (off the tip of the toe of the boot)

Apennines

the mountain range that runs all the way down Italy from north to south

Latium

the plains of central Italy where the Latin people lived, who later became known as the Romans

Tiber River

a river running up from the Mediterranean Sea upon which Rome was situated; gave Romans a source of water and a way to be connected to the rest of the Mediterranean world, but protected them from raids by pirates

Etruria

area to the north of Rome that had been home to the Etruscans

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