in 1660 ascended the English throne and created a string of new settlements: The Restoration Colonies; a generous but extravagant man who was always in debt, he rewarded 8 aritocratic supporters with a gift of the Carolinas, an area long claimed by Spain and populated by thousands of Indians.
James, Duke of York
brother of Charles II; took possession of the conquered Dutch province of New Netherland, renaming it NY, and conveyed ownership of the adjacent province of New Jersey to two of the Carolina proprietors.
Fundamental Constitution of Carolinas
1669 prescribed a manorial system with a powerful nobility. In North Carolina, poor families from Virginia, refused to work on large manors and grew grain and tobacco on modest family farms. In South Carolina, the colonists refused to accept the Fundamental Constitutions and white settlers who had migrated from the overcrowded sugar producing island of Barbados, created their own version of the hierarchical European social order.
aka Society of Friends; a radical Protestant sect; wanted to restore the simplicity and spirituality of early Christianity. Pennsylvania was a refuge for them.
one who is against war or the use of violence
Charles II bestowed the colony on this man in payment of a large debt owed to his father. Born to wealth and seemingly destined for courtly pursuits, this man had converted to the Society of Friends (Quakers), and used his money and prestige to spread its influence. He designed Pennsylvania as a refuge for Quakers.
New York, New Jersey, N. Carolina, S. Carolina, and Pennsylvania.
According to this theory, the colonies were to produce agricultural goods and raw materials, which English merchants would carry to the home country, where they would be reexported or manufactured into finished products.
Revenue Act of 1673
imposed a "plantation duty" on sugar and tobacco exports
Dominion of New England
a new royal providence, formed in 1686 by the Lords who revoked the corporate charters of Connecticut and Rhode Island and merged them with the Massachusetts Bay and Plymouth colonies.
Sir Edmund Andros
a former military officer, appointed by James II as governor and empowering him to abolish the existing legislative assemblies.