Ch. 7 vocab

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Exogamy

a cultural rule that dictates that one must marry outside of a designated group

nuclear family

a married couple and their children

endogamy

a cultural rule that dictates that one must marry within a designated group

levirate

a marrieage custom in which a widow marries her deceased husband's brother

sororate

a marriage custom in which a widower marries a sister of his deceased wife

status

a person's position in society

role

the culturally assigned behaviors and expectations for a person's social position

monogamy

a form of marriage in which one woman is married to one man

polygamy

mulitple-spouse marriage

polygyny

marriage of one man to two or more women

Polyandry

Marriage of one woman to two or more men

Sister exchange

A common type of marriage consisting of the marriage of cross-cousins. Men exchange their sister as marriage partners

Cross-cousin

Ego's mother's brother's child and father's sister's child

parallel-cousin

Ego's mother's sister's child and father's brother's child

bridewealth

a form of marriage finance in which valuable gifts are given by the groom's kin to the bride's kin.

dowry

a form of marriage finance in which valuable figts are given by the bride's kin to the groom's kin.

half-marriage

a man pays partial bridewealth and lives with the bride's family, and the couple's children belong to the wife and her family

family of orientation

a person's childhood family, where enculturation takes place.

consanguineal relatives

kin related by blood

family of procreation

a kin group consisting of an individual and the individual's spouse and children

affinal kin

kin related by marriage

kinship system

the complexity of a culture's rules governing the relationships between affinal and consanguineal kin

extended family

two or more nuclear families that are related by blood and who reside in the same household, village, or teritory

household

a common residence based on economic unit

neolocal residence

a postmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to sest up an independent household away from both ssets of parents

patrilocal residence

a postmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to live in or near the residence of the groom's father

virilocal residence

the custom ofliving with the husband's relativess after marriage

shabano

a yanomamo village

matrilocal residence

a posstmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to live in or near the residence of the bride's mother

matrifocal residence

a residence group consisting of a woman and her children residing without co-residence of a husband

Avunculocal residence

a postmarriage residence rule that requires the bride and groom to reside with or near the groom's mother's brother

bilocal (ambilocal) residence

the condition in which a newly married couple reside either with or near the groom's parents or the bride's parents

matri-patrilocal residence

temporary residence form in which the groom moves to live with the bride's family until bridewealth payments are complete and the couple take up permanent patrilocal residence.

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