fluency in the principloes of ecology that gives us a working knowledge of the basic grammar and underlying syntax of environmental wisdom
projects in which trained volunteers work with scientific researchers to answer real-world question
a term coined by economist and social critic Thorstein Veblen to describe buying buying things we dont want or need to impress others
evaluation of material and energy inputs and outputs at each stage of manufacture use, and disposal of a product
non-governmental organizations (NGO)
a term referring collectively to presure and research groups, advisory agencies, political parties, professional societies, and other groups concerned about environmental quality, resource use, and many other issues
living within the bounds of nature based on renewable resources used in ways that don't deplete nonrenewable resources, harm essential ecological services, or limit the ability of future generations to meet their own needs
a set of ambitious environmental and human development goals established by the United Nations in 2000
plan of action designed to achieve a certain goal
executive agency responsible for enforcing laws pertaining to a certain industry, the agency writes guidelines for the industry, such as safety codes, and enforces them through methods such as inspection
environmental impact statement
Statement required by Federal law from all agencies for any project using Federal funds to assess the potential affect of the new construction or development on the environment.
something that forces obedience with a law or rule
The trend toward increased cultural and economic connectedness between people, businesses, and organizations throughout the world.
a process in which each side is given the opportunity to explain its side of the dispute and must listen to the other side
the ability to recover
When a threat is of serious environmental damage, we should not wait for scientific proof before taking action.
settlement of a dispute by a person or panel chosen to listen to both sides and come to a decision
encourages international peace and universal respect by promoting collaboration among nations.
any form of wealth available for use in the production of more wealth
goods and services provided by nature
the skills and knowledge gained by a worker through education and experience
The knowledge, experience or connections one has had through the course of their life that enables them to succeed more so than someone with a less experience background; being able to play the violin, speak multiple languages or talk knowledgeably about art
anything with potential use in creating wealth or giving satisfaction
resource that cannot be replenished by natural processes
any natural resource (as wood or solar energy) that can be replenished naturally with the passage of time
abstract resources, such as open space, beauty, serenity, wisdom, diversity, and satisfaction
the amount of a product or service that consumers are willing and able to buy at various possible prices
the amount of a product that would be offered for sale at all possible prices that could prevail in the market.
condition of price stability where the quantity demanded equals the quantity supplied
The measure of how responsive both consumers and producers are to price changes
Cost of transaction that affect people other than the buyer or seller
cost borne by the utlity itself (fuel, labor, capital)
account impacts on the environment and attempts to include natural services into the price of a resource
tragedy of the commons
Title of an Article written Garrett Harden, 1968, said there will always be a struggle because individuals will use up resources that are common even though that's not what they intend.
limited quantities of resources to meet unlimited wants
largest number of individuals of a population that a environment can support
GNP (gross national product)
The total value of goods and services, including income received from abroad, produced by the residents of a country within a specific time period, usually one year.
GDP (gross domestic product)
the total value of goods and services produced within the borders of a country during a specific time period, usually one year.
GPI (genuine progress index)
A system that measures the sustainability, well-being and quality of life of a country and its people
EPI (environmental performance index)
evaluates national sustainability and progress in environmental health, air quality, water resources, productive natural resources, biodiversity and habitat, and sustainable energy
tries to find the maximum economic efficiency point at which the marginal cost of pollution control equals the marginal benefits
the interaction of supply and demand that shapes a market economy
market-based system that allows polluters to sell or trade emission credits iff they release below the level of pollution they are allowed to emit by law
cap and trade
The "cap" sets a nationwide limit on emissions, which is lowered over time to reduce the amount of pollutants released into the atmosphere. The "trade" creates a market for carbon allowances, helping companies innovate in order meet, or come in under, their allocated limit. The less they emit, the less they pay, so it is in their economic incentive to pollute less.
an accounting entry acknowledging income or capital items
services that compensate for emissions
no net carbon output
GATT (General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade)
one of the banking and trading systems that regulates credit, currency, exchange shipping rates, and commodity prices
WTO (World Trade Organization)
the only international body dealing with the rules of trade between nations
IMF (International Monetary Fund)
an organization of 186 countries, working to foster global monetary cooperation, secure financial stability, facilitate international trade, promote high employment and sustainable economic growth, and reduce poverty around the world
the ratio of the output to the input of any system
Excessive concern with buying material goods
relating to or concerned with a city or densely populated area
an urbanized core region that consists of several adjacent cities or megacities and their surrounding developed suburbs
a city with 10 million or more residents
relating to farm areas and life in the country
a small community or group of houses in a rural area, smaller than a town
regions that dominate trade, control the most advanced technologies, and have high levels of productivity within diversified economics
factor, such as unemployment or the lack of freedom of speech, that makes people want to leave their country and move to another one
opportunities for a better life that encourage people to move into an area
a district of a city marked by poverty and inferior living conditions
a neighborhood in which people live in makeshift shacks
Unrestricted growth in many American urban areas of housing, commercial development, and roads over large expanses of land, with little concern for urban planning.
A subsidiary urban area surrounding and connected to the central city. Many are exclusively residential; others have their own commercial centers or shopping malls.
area where people occupy land without the owner's permission
environmentally friendly development practices particularly those that emphasize more efficient infrastructure and less dependence on automobiles
projects built on previously undeveloped farmlands or forests on the outskirts of large cities
building on abandoned, reclaimed industrial sites
aka "cluster housing", "open space zoning," preserves at least half of a subdivision as natural areas, farmland, or other forms of open space
permanent waste disposal facility
waste such as cell phones, computer monitors, etc. that contain heavy metals and other toxic materials. Problem with US exporting it to China.
A place to deposit solid waste, where a layer of earth is bulldozed over garbage each day to reduce emissions of gases and odors from the decaying trash, to minimize fires, and to discourage vermin.
heat derived from incinerators can be used to heat buildings and/or generate electricity
the act of processing used or abandoned materials for use in creating new products
A thermal device in which solid waste is burned for the purpose of volume reduction. An incinerator used to obtain energy is classified as an energy recovery facility.
fuel derived from trash
incineration of unsorted solid waste
A mixture of decaying organic matter, as from leaves and manure, used to improve soil structure and provide nutrients.
disassembly of products so components can be reused or recycled
materials that can be broken down by UV radiation
capable of being readily decomposed into harmless substances by living microorganisms
incorporate such materials as cornstarch that can be decomposed by microorganisms
A solid that, because of its quantity or concentration or its physical, chemical or infectious characteristics, may cause or pose a substantial present or potential hazard to human health or the environment when improperly treated, stored, transported or disposed of, or otherwise managed.
aka SUPERFUND. Addresses abandoned or historical waste sites and was enacted in 1980 to create a tax on the chemical and petroleum industries. Provided federal authority to respond to releases of hazardous waster.
Increase Superfund to $8.5 billion. Shares responsibility for cleanup among potentially responsible parties. Emphasizes remediation and public "right to know."
toxic release inventory
a program created by the Superfund Amendments and Reauthorization Act of 1984 that requires manufacturing facilities and waste handling and disposal sites to report annually on releases of more than 300 toxic materials
a revolving pool of money designed to provide immediate response to emergency situations that pose imminent hazards, and to clean up or remediate abandoned or inactive sites
places that have been abandoned and contain dangerous chemicals
permanent retrievable storage
placing waste storage containers in a secure building, salt mine, or bedrock cavern where they can be inspected periodically and retrieved, if necessary
a solid waste disposal site lined and capped with an impermeable barrier to prevent leakage or leaching. drain tiles, sampling wells, and vent systems provide monitoring and pollution control
a liquid that has passed through compacted solid waste in a landfill
the idea that people do not want hazardous/toxic waste and/or industry in their neighborhood. Results in burden being placed on undereducated, poor minority groups.