all different ethnic groups came to the country and brought all different types of musical entertainments that were distinct to each country so they all started to blend.
beautiful women with beautiful costumes and sets. Similar to a high-scale variety show
one of the first famous producer
New Amsterdam Theater
where the follies performed
George M. Cohan
statue in Times Square; Irish. Very patriotic songwriter; singer dancer, actor. Family was on Vaudeville when he was only 2 years old
Bert Williams minstrel shows
African American from the West Indies. minstrel shows made fun of blacks (white men played black men- exaggerated) His famous song is Nobody
singer, dancer, actor, Jewish comedian. unusual because she was ugly and a part of the Ziegfeld follies.
Actor's Strike of 1919
wanted 3 things: to be provided with costumes, paid for rehearsals, paid for their transportation.
based on a book about a family who worked and lived on a showboat. Very serious story with many intricate plot lines. Big turning point because it was a musical that had a story with it. Produced by Ziegfeld; director and lyricist was Hammerstein
Richard Rodgers and Oscar Hammerstein
Rodgers=composer; Hammerstein= lyricist
first musical by Rodgers and Hammerstein
theatrical way of showing something about a character.
Betty Comden and Adolphe Green
on the town
one the town composer
choreographer of on the town
different because of the conditional ballad at the beginning. written by rodgers and hammersten
Annie get your gun
compose= irving berlin; produced by rodgers and hammerstein
rodgers and hammerstein; really controversial becuase of he main character falling in love with an island girl. "You have to be taught" is a song about how you are not born racist.
guys and dolls
Frank Loesser; stories by damon runyon/ colorful characters in NYC (gangster parts of New York)
The Ed Sullivan Show
extremely popular show on sunday nights
my fair lady
alan jay lerner and frederik lowe. julie andrews was in this
kiss me kate
The sound of music
Rodgers and hammersteins last show together becuase hammerstein died after he wrote edelweiss.
the last song written by oscar hammerstein; about the flowers dying and coming back
42nd street director/choreographer
died hours before the show
very mean and announces the death of Champion on stage after the show
producer of cats, les misarables, phantom of the opera
composer; lived next door to hammerstein
disney and broadway
revived the New Amsterdam theater; lion king was in there and Beauty and the Beast was the first in there
jonathan Larson; died days before opening day of a heart disease.
everyone was afraid to come back to NYC but they made happy musicals to get people to come back
Wicked San Francisco
produced in San Fran to get it on its feet because of the special effects it was too expensive to do in NYC
took 14 producers to produce