Which of the following constitute the fundamental questions every economic system must answer?
What goods and service will be produced?
How will they be produced?
For whom will they be produced?
Labor, human capital, entrepreneurship, natural resources, and capital are all examples of which of
Factors of production
In the figure above, consumer surplus is represented by the area
The law of diminishing marginal utility is most
useful for explaining the
Law of demand
The table above provides the total number of
workers and the resulting total output of Gyro's
Unlimited per hour, holding all other inputs
constant. Which of the following statements can be
made with certainty based on the available
Diminishing marginal returns begin when the
fourth worker is hired
The owner of a competitive firm making zero
Is making exactly what she would make in her
next best alternative job
Which of the following is more likely to result from a
competitive market structure than from a monopoly making the same product?
Price equal to marginal cost
Which of the following is likely to have the most elastic demand?
What are the effects on the supply and demand curves for Frisbees if a new procedure reduces the cost of making Frisbee?
Demand: No change
Supply: Shifts right
Which of the following statements is true for a firm in a perfectly competitive industry?
Average revenue equals marginal revenue
Which of the following will shift the supply curve for
textbooks to the left?
A decrease in the price of a joint product
In the absence of intervention, imperfect competition, externalities, public goods, and imperfect information all result in which of the following?
The line in the figure above is the most similar to a
Total cost curve
Firms with the following market structure(s) maximize profits by producing where marginal cost equals marginal revenue, if at all
The simplified PPFs for countries A and B appear in the figure above. Both countries have the same resources to work with. Which of the following statements is correct?
Country A has a comparative advantage in chairs and
country B has a comparative advantage in shirts.
Which of the following was not a landmark antitrust act?
The Wagner Act
In the same period there is a drought affecting the supply of pineapples and a discovery that assist in the avoidance of cancer. How will this combination of events affect the equilibrium price and quantity of pineapples?
Quantity: May rise or fall
Which of the following statements accurately describes the relationship between average product (AP) and
marginal product (MP) of labor?
AP rises when MP is above it, and falls when MP is
Which of the following goods is likely to provide both the largest total utility and the smallest marginal utility?
In order to find the market supply curve for a particular good, one would
Add the firm supply curves horizontally
A competitive firm facing the demand and cost curves in the figure above should
Shut down immediately
A loud party in the neighborhood is disturbing people living nearby who would like to sleep. Which of the following is most likely to lead to an efficient solution to the problem?
Place a tax on parties equal to the value of the lost sleep
The figure above illustrates the supply and demand for solar panels in 1199, 50 panels were sold for $1,000 each, while in 1999, 50 panels were sold for $900 each. Which of the following combinations of supply and demand behavior most likely occurred?
Price: Shift left
Quantity: Shift right
Unlike a perfectly competitive firm, a monopoly
faces a downward sloping demand curve
Every time Mr. Hamm makes another pizza in his shop, he places $0/45 worth of sauce on top. For Mr. Hamm, the cost of pizza sauce is a component of which of the following?
Total Variable Costs
The Lerner index for a perfectly competitive firm is
Which of the following will increase wages for tuba
An increase in the price of tubas
After Julia received a raise in her income, she began purchasing more ice cream cones and fewer popsicles. For Julia, popsicles
are an inferior good
When the opportunity for price discrimination arises,
consumer surplus decreases
When a perfectly competitive labor market is in
everyone who wants to work has the opportunity to do so
On the basis of the information in the table above, and on the assumption that total fixed costs are 100, which of the following is a correct statement about the costs of basketball production?
The marginal cost curve falls and then rises
A production possibility frontier will be a straight line
resources are not specialized
An industry with a small number of firms
(say, 3 - 5) selling a standardized or differentiated
product would be called
Which of the following are associated with public good?
adding demand curves vertically to find the demand
curve for society
nonrivalry in consumption
Loony Spoons Corporation sells silverware in a
competitive market at a constant price of $2 per piece. A competitive labor market sets the wage at $5 per hour. The table above indicates the total product per hour using various numbers of workers. How many workers should Loony Spoons hire per hour?
Which of the following statements about a price ceiling is accurate?
An effective price ceiling must be at a price below the
If a change in income of 10 percent would cause Alec's consumption of vitamins to increase by 15 percent, which of the following statements is the most likely to be
Alec's income elasticity of demand is 1.5.
The table above indicates the number of trees that can be planted per hour using different combination of inputs. All of the relevant numbers in the table are consistent with
constant returns to scale
In the payoff matrix in the figure above, a dominant
does not exist
In the long run, a monopolistically competitive firm
earns zero economic profit
Which of the following is most likely to result in a shift to the right in the demand curve for orange juice?
Expectations of higher future income among juice
The value of the marginal product of labor always equals the marginal revenue product of labor for which type of firm?
The industry that makes small plastic army figures uses a small fraction of the plastic demanded for all purposes. On this basis, we can conclude that the army-figures industry is most likely a(n)
Not enough info
Given the cost and revenue curves in the figure above, how many units of output should be produced in order to maximize profit?
The concentration ratio for a monopoly is
At a Nash equilibrium
neither party has an incentive to deviate from his or her
The condition that P = MC is the direct
requirement for which type of efficiency?
In order for a firm to successfully carry out price
discrimination, which of the following conditions must hold?
The firm must have market power
Buyers with differing demand elasticities must be
The firm must be able to prevent the re-sale of its products
Several Internet companies have expanded the range of services they provide. For example, America Online provides long-distance phone service and Amazon.com provides music, toys, and auctions. If such companies find different outputs that are complimentary in production, or products that can share research and development costs or distribution networks, they are taking advantage of
economies of scope
The relationship between the marginal revenue curve and the demand curve for a monopoly is most similar to the relationship between the marginal factor cost curve and what curve for a monopsony?
What could the government do to most effectively
avoid a free rider program?
Supply public goods using tax dollars
The necessity for a monopoly to lower its price in order to sell more units of its product explains why
the marginal revenue curve is below the demand curve for
Based on the PPF in the figure above, the opportunity cost of producing the seventh carrot is
The market demand curve for labor will shift to the right when
the number of firms increases
Patents, control of resources, economies of scale, and exclusive licenses are
all barriers to entry
Which of the following statements is accurate in
regard to a perfectly competitive firm?
Price is determined by the equilibrium in the entire
Which of the following indicates that two goods are
A negative cross-price elasticity
Education makes Chris a better worker, voter, parent, and citizen. Since the benefits from education go beyond those that Chris enjoys himself, education provides
externalities and should be subsidized
When a negative externality exists as the result of the production of a good, the socially optimal quantity of output could be achieved by
placing limits on the quantity that can be produced
The demand for labor is derived from
the demand curve for the output produced by labor