Two or more substances containing the same number of atoms of elements but in a different arrangement
Two or more compounds with the same molecular formula but different structural formulas.
Line angle formula
An abbreviation of a structural formula, The formula of a molecule that shows only the carbon-carbon bonding and removes the atom labels for carbon and hydrogen.
An organic compound containing only the elements Carbon and Hydrogen
The only group of hydrocarbons that are considered saturated
The aliphatic hydrocarbon chain in which one of the carbon to carbon bonds is a double bond
The organic compound that contains a 6 carbon ring with alternating singe and double bonds
Those organic compounds characterized by a hydroxide functional group
compounds that contain carbon
alkane (beginning with propane) in which carbon atoms form a ring; general formula CnH2n
An organic compound that contains a hydrocarbon ring
Atoms are bonded in same order but arranged differently in space.
Straight-chain or branched chain saturated hydrocarbon in which all bonds between carbon atoms are single covalent bonds
CH3(CH2)2CH3 To show the outline of the structure
Describes a series of compounds that differ from one another by a repeating unit.
A group derived by removing a hydrogen from an alkane; given the symbol R-.
The longest continuous chain of carbons in the molecule
The side branches that extend from the parent chain because they appear to substitute for a hydrogen atom in the straight-chain.
hydrocarbons with double or triple bonds have fewer hydrogen atoms for each carbon atom than a saturated hydrocarbon does.
the addition of water
organic compound in which halogen atoms have been substituted for hydrogen atoms in an alkane
any of a class of alcohols having 2 hydroxyl groups in each molecule, any of a class of alcohols having 2 hydroxyl groups in each molecule
A process of petroleum refining, by which a chemical mixture such as petroleum is separated into its components depending on the different boiling points of components.
the controlled process by which hydrocarbons are broken down or rearranged into smaller, more useful molecules
unsaturated hydrocarbon in which at least one pair of carbon atoms is joined by a triple covalent bond
the portion of a molecule that is active in a chemical reaction and that determines the properties of many organic compounds
any straight-chain or branched chain alkane, alkene, or alkyne
an organic compound that contains the benzene ring structure and may have a pleasant or unpleasant odor and flavor
a parent chain with an additional hydrocarbon structure attached
The removal of a molecule from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule.
A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is replaced with a different atom or group of atoms.
any chemical change in which one species is oxidized (loses electrons) and another species is reduced (gains electrons); also called redox reaction
an organic reaction in which a substance such as hydrogen or a halogen is added at the double or triple bond
a reaction in which water is added to an alkene
the addition of hydrogen to a carbon-carbon double bond to produce an alkane
A chemical reaction in which two molecules covalently bond to each other with the removal of a water molecule.
A reaction in which two hydrogen atoms are removed from adjacent carbons of a saturated hydrocarbon, giving an unsaturated hydrocarbon.
a chemical reaction in which two or more molecules combine to produce water or another simple molecule
A chemical reaction between a substance and a halogen in which one or more halogen atoms are incorporated into molecules of the substance.