a system of communication that uses arbitrary symbols
According to the "language as join activity" perspective, the primary setting for language use is
On the view that language is a joint activity, which of the following best defines the nature of a conversation
conversation is a negotiation
As discussed in "The Language Instinct", which of the following is an argument against BF Skinner's claim that language is a repertoire of responses
Language can generate an infinite number of sentences
As discussed in "The Ascent of Babel", the goal of scientists studying language is to
Demonstrate that certain ideas about language are wrong
Which of the following is NOT layer of linguistic structure
phonology, morphology, and syntax are all layers of linguistic structure
the use of pitch and stress patterns in language
Compared to the production of consonants in different contexts, the production of vowels is
less stable across contexts
Voiced and voiceless sounds differ on which dimension
the vibration of the vocal cords
the sounds corresponding to the letters T, D, and P are all similar in that they are
The sound corresponding to the letter V is voiced
the sound corresponding to the letter L is a liquid
it is impossible for an alveolar consonant to be a stop consonant
it is impossible for a liquid consonant to be a stop consonant
the vowel in the word shoot is a rounded vowel
a phone is an abstract representation collecting a set of phonemes
natural classes are classes of sounds governed by the same features across languages
in multisyllabic words in English, the primary stress of the word tends to fall on which syllable
which of the following is an argument taking word
verb (not noun, adj, or adv)
Do all arguments of a verb need to be explicitly expressed when that verb is used in a sentence
what is the canonical word order used in English
The principle component of syntax that allows for the generation of an infinite number of sentences is
it is possible to embed the structure of an entire sentence within the structure of another sentence.
determiners are a required component of noun phrases in English.
how many arguments does the verb "give" require?
The Darwinian sense in which language evolution can be discussed refers to
the evolution of language in the human species
generally speaking, the more ample the resources found in a particular geographical region,
the more languages will be spoken in that region
as discussed by Pinker, an important neuro-anatomical difference between communicative vocalizations in humans and other primates is that
human vocalizations are produced by cortical mechanisms, but primate vocalizations are produced by subcortical mechanisms
pinker asserts that efforts to teach non-human primates language have been
largely unsuccessful- they acquire vocabulary, but do not seem to grasp syntax in the way humans do
according the hypothesis that language evolved for social reasons, what is the maximum size of social groups that can function on the basis of social bonds alone
Human language is the only system of animal communication that employs an abstract, hierarchical syntax.
all normally developing humans whoa re exposed to language will acquire the ability to speak and comprehend language.
the general order in which children pass through stages of language acquisition varies greatly from culture to culture
Language evolved to deceive people.
According to one hypothesis, language evolved as a replacement for grooming behavior in primates.
the preliminary abilities needed for language are not found in species other than humans.
The ascent of the larynx was an essential step in evolving the ability to use spoken language.
Recursion is an important aspect of the grammar of human languages.
the FOX P7 gene has been linked to language.
language abilities are not dis sociable from general intelligence or other cognitive abilites.
Humbolt believed that Germans were smarter than other people because
Germans learned a language that is regimented and orderly
The Dani people of New Guinea have how many basic color terms
In Korean, the relationship between items is defined in terms of
the degree of fit between the items
if you speak a language with an absolute frame of reference, you refer to the location of an item by
noting its location with respect to the directions north, south, east, and west
in terms of frames of reference, English speakers can use
both absolute and relative frames of references
English verbs tend to code
the manner in which an action takes place
Spanish is what kind of language
According to proposals regarding phonetic symbolism, the "ee" sound should correspond to what kind of thing
the strong version of the Sapir-Whorf hypothesis is well supported by scientific data
according to Vygotsky, language and thought are
related but distinct