Endocrinology Test

59 terms by amfletc09 

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Hormones that are needed to know for test

Tyrosine Derivatives

Thyroid hormones and catecholamines

Catecholamines

Epinephrine, Norepinephrine, and dopamine

Steroids

derived from cholesterol

Steroids

examples: cortisol and Progesterone and testosterone

Proteins/peptides

most common type of hormone

Adrenal Cortex

Hormone: Aldosterone, Cortisol and Corticosternone

Aldosterone

Sodium Retention

Cortisol

metabolism, stress, homeostasis

Adrenal Medulla

Hormone: epinephrine

Epinephrine

Too many affects to mention

GI tract

Hormones: Gastrin, CCK, Secretin

Gastrin, CCK, Secretin

Acid, bile, HCO3- secretion

Ovary

Hormones: Estrogens and Progesterone

Estrogens

Female Sexual Development

Progesterone

Estrus

Pancreas

Hormones: Glucagon and Insulin

Glucagon

increase of blood glucose

Insulin

decrease of blood glucose

Parathyroid

Hormones: Parathyroid hormones

Parathyroid hormone

increase in blood Ca+

Pinal

Hormone: Melatonin

Melatonin

Circadian Rhythms and pigmentation

Pituitary

Hormones: Many!

Testes

Hormones: Testosterone

Testosterone

Male Sexual Development

Thyroid

Hormones: T3 and T4 and Calcitonin

T3 and T4

growth metabolic rate

Calcitonin

decrease of blood Ca+

Anterior Pituitary

Hormones: GH, ACTH, TSH, FSH, LH and Prolactin

Posterior Pituitary

Hormones: ADH and Oxytocin

ACTH

target: Adrenal Cortex

TSH

target: thyroid

GH

target: somatic cells

FSH

target: ovaries and testes

LH

targets: ovaries and testes

Insulin

stimulus- high blood glucose level

Insulin

Target cells- liver, muscle and fat cells

Glucagon

stimulus- low blood glucose level

Insulin

receptor- tyrosine kinase

Glucagon

target cells- liver, muscle, fat

Glucagon

receptor- GPCR

Thyroid Hormone

stimulus- TSH from pituitary

Thyroid Hormone

liver, kidney, heart, CNS, muscle

Thyroid Hormone

Receptor- Intracellular

Growth Hormone

Stimulus- GHRH from hypothalamus

Growth Hormone

target cells- liver, fat, muscle, bone

Growth Hormone

receptor- tyrosine kinase

FSH

Stimulus- GnRH from hypothalamus

FSH

target cells in testes- sertoli cells

FSH

Receptor- GPCR

LH

Stimulus- GnRH from hypothalamus

LH

target cells in testes- Leydig Cells

LH

Receptor- GPCR

Testosterone

Stimulus- LH from anterior pituitary

Testosterone

Receptor- nuclear receptors

Estrogen

Stimulus- LH and FSH

Estrogen

Receptor- Intracellular receptors

Progesterone

Stimulus- LH and FSH

Progesterone

Target cells- uterus and mammary glands

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