USMLE Common SE's

42 terms by francyface

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TCAs

Atropine-like side effects

Cocaine, sumatriptan

Coronary vasospasm

VANC (Vancomycin, adenosine, niacin, Ca blockers)

Cutaneous flushing

Doxorubicin (adriamycin), daunorubicin

Dilated Cardiomyopathy

Class III (sotalol), Class IA

Torsades de Pointes

Clozapine, Carbamazepine, Colchicine, Propylthiouracil, Methimazole, Dapsone

Agranulocytosis

Chloramphenicol, Benzene, NSAIDs, Propylthiouracil, Methimazole

Aplastic Anemia

Methyldopa

Direct Coombs-positive hemolytic anemia

Chloramphenicol

Gray baby syndrome

Isoniazid, Sulfonamides, Primaquine, Aspirin, Ibuprofen, Nitrofurantoin (hemolysis IS PAIN)

Hemolysis in G6PD-deficient patients

Phenytoin, Methotrexate, Sulfa drugs (having a blast with PMS)

Megaloblastic anemia

OCPs (estrogens and progestins)

Thrombotic complications

ACEi (ARBs like losartan, no cough)

Cough

Bleomycin, Amiodarone, Busulfan (hard to BLAB when you have pulmonary fibrosis)

Pulmonary fibrosis

Macrolides

Acute cholestatic hepatitis

Halothane, Valproate, Acetaminophen, Amanita Phalloides

Focal->massive hepatic necrosis

INH

Hepatitis

Clindamycin, ampicillin

Pseudomembranous colitis

Glucocorticoid withdrawal (HPA suppression)

Adrenocortical insufficiency

Spironolactone, Digitalis, Cimetidine, chronic Alcohol, Ketoconazole

Gynecomastia

Tamoxifen, Clomiphene

Hot flashes

Lithium, amiodarone

Hypothyroidism

Phenytoin

Gingival hyperplasia (esp in kids)

Furosemide, thiazides

Gout

Corticosteroids, heparin

Osteoporosis

Sulfonamides, Amiodarone, Tetracycline (SAT for a photo)

Photosensitivity

Ethosuximide, Lamotrigine, Carbamazepine, Phenoarbital, Phenytoin, Sulfas, Penicillin, Allopurinol

SJS (Rash)

Hydralazine, INH, Procainamide, Phenytoin (it's not HIPP to have Lupus)

SLE-like syndrome

Fluroquinolones

Tendonitis, tendon rupture, cartilage damage in kids

Expired tetracycline

Fanconi's syndrome

Methicillin, NSAIDs, Furosemide

Interstitial nephritis

Cyclophosphamide, Ifosfamide (prevent by coadministering with mesna)

Hemorrhagic cystitis

Quinidine, quinine

Cinchonism

Lithium, demeclocycline

Diabetes insipidus

Haloperidol, Chloropromazine, Reserpine, Metoclopramide

Parkinson-like syndrome

Buproprion, Imipenem/cilstatin, Isoniazid

Seizures

Antipsychotics

Tardive dyskinesia

Metronidazole, some cephalosporins, procarbazine, 1st generation sulfonylureas

Disulfiram-like rxn

Polymyxins

Nephrotoxicity and neurotoxicity

Aminoglycosides, Vanco, Loops, Cisplatin

Nephrotoxicity and ototoxicity

Inducers

Quinine, Barbiturates, St. John's worth, Phenytoin, Rifampin, Griseofulvin, Carbamazepine, Chronic alcohol (Queen Barb Steals Phen-phen and Refuses Greasy Carbs Chronically)

Inhibitors

HIV protease inhibitors, Ketoconazole, Erythromycin, Grapefruit juice, Acute alcohol, Sulfonamides, Isoniazid, Cimetidine (Inhibit yourself from drinking a KEG because you'll get Acutely SICk)

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