Health Final

Created by AmyBree8 

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nuts

A source of incomplete protein

changed into fat for energy storage

Excess protein in the diet is

They aid in your body's absorption of certain vitamins

What is a primary function of fats in your diet?

10%-35%

The recommended daily intake of protein is ___ of total daily calories.

50 grams

For a person who weighs 64kg (about 140 pounds), adequate daily intake of protein is ___ .

4

Proteins supply the body with ___ calories of energy per gram.

9

Fats supply the body with ___ calories of energy per gram.

vitamins

Which of the following nutrients does not supply the body with energy?

adipose tissue

Which of the following is not made up of proteins?

protein building block

An amino acid is a

minerals

Which of the following are micronutrients?

must be obtained from food to meet physiological needs

Essential nutrients are best described as nutrients that

45

The approximate number of nutrients that have been identified as essential to human health is

kilocalorie

The amount of energy, in the form of heat, required to raise the temperature of 1 liter of water 1 degree is called a

fats

The major source of fuel for the body during rest and light activity is

incomplete

Foods from plant sources usually provide ___ proteins.

a variety of plant sources of protein

Vegetarians should eat

form important components of blood

Which of the following is not a function of fats?

all essential amino acids

Complete protein sources supply

complete

Foods from animal sources usually provide ___ proteins.

leptin

a horomone thought to be linked to obesity is

balancing calories consume with calories expended

Controlling body weight is best accomplished by

changing eating patterns linked to cultural values is usually easy

Which of the following statements about psychological and social factors in eating behavior is not true?

energy intake from food

Which one of the following elements in the energy balance equation is under individual control?

300

Since 1970, the average caloric intake among Americans has increased by about ___ calories.

an apple

An example of a snack low in energy density is

3500

A negative energy balance of ___ calories is needed to produce a one pound weight loss.

energy density

The number of calories per ounce or gram of weight in food is

67%

According to the National Institutes of Health, about ___ of American adults are overweight.

exercise on a regular basis

Metabolic rate is higher in people who

100,000

The number of premature deaths among Americans each year that can be attributed to inactivity and overweight is ___ or higher

emotional eating

A lifestyle factor which does not lead to successful weight management is

resting metabolism

Which of the following is the largest component of metabolism?

15

On average, Americans exercise ___ minutes per day.

three planned meals with planned healthy snacks

Which of the following patterns of eating is best for weight management?

higher the resting metabolic rate

The greater the amount of muscle mass, the

5-10

Weight loss of ___% of body weight is enough to reduce health risks and increase life expectancy in obese individuals.

genetic factors influence where on the body extra weight is added

Which of the following statements about genetic factors in obesity is true?

the energy required to maintain vital body functions

Resting metabolic rate is

60 or more minutes

How much daily physical activity is recommended for someone who is trying to maintain weight loss?

general physical and emotional state associated with the stress response

Stress is defined as the

cynical

Which term best fits a Type A personality?

hostility

Which one of the following characteristics is most closely associated with elevated risk of cardiovascular disease?

any physical or psychological event that produces stress

The term stressor is best defined as

affects body functions through the release of horomones

Which of the following best describes the endocrine system?

somatic

Making the choice to go for a walk to cope with stress is controlled by which nervous system?

learning new time-management skills

Which of the following is an example of an effective response to stress?

getting a flat tire

Which of the following is an example of a stressor?

they have a strong external locus of control

Which statement about people with hardy personalities is not true?

parasympathetic division

a division of the autonomic nervous system that is in control when you are relaxed and aids in digesting food, storing energy, and promoting growth

Type C personality

A person who has difficulty expressing emotions, suppresses anger, and feels hopeless

stress response

the physical and emotional changes associated with stress

fight-or-flight reaction

Your body begins releasing endorphins, your heart rate accelerates, and your hearing and vision become more acute

sympathetic division

a division of the autonomic nervous system that activates during times of arousal, including exercise, and when there is an emergency, such as severe pain, anger or fear

The somatic nervous system manage

conscious actions

Which of the following is NOT an example of an effective response to stress?

overeating

Which of the following describes a person with a Type B personality?

contemplative

Which of the following does NOT increase during the fight-or-flight reaction?

digestion

Homeostasis is defined as a state in which

vital functions of the body are maintained at a normal level

While cholesterol is important for many body functions, excess cholesterol is hazardous to health because it is deposited

on artery walls.

Which one of the following blood pressure readings would be considered healthy for a young adult?

110/80

The six major risk factors for cardiovascular disease that can be changed are

elevated cholesterol levels, tobacco use, high blood pressure, obesity, physical inactivity, diabetes.

The form of blood fat that carries cholesterol out from the liver to other parts of the body and can lead to cholesterol deposits on artery walls is

low-density lipoprotein (LDL).

For adults, a desirable level of total cholesterol is less than ________ mg/dl.

200

Which one of the following cholesterol profiles would place someone at greatest risk for heart disease?

low HDL and high LDL

The primary symptoms of hypertension is

nothing; it usually has no symptoms

A desirable level of HDL for adults is

60 mg/dl or more

Exercise alters blood fat levels by

raising HDL levels

The leading cause of death in the United States is

cardiovascular disease (CVD)

The form of cholesterol that shuttles cholesterol back to the liver for recycling is

high-density lipoprotein (HDL)

The National Cholesterol Education Program recommends that all adults have their lipoprotein levels measured at least once every

5 years

Which statement about how smoking harms the cardiovascular system is NOT true?

Smoking decreases plaque formation

People with hypertension, African Americans, and middle-aged and older adults should aim to consume no more than ______ mg sodium per day.

1500

Which of the following cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors are NOT modifiable?

family history of CVD

Sustained high blood pressure can be an indicator of

increased resistance to arterial blood flow

Exposure to ETS (environmental tobacco smoke) causes approximately _______ nonsmokers to die of heart diseases annually.

35,000

Smoking does NOT affect the cardiovascular system by

decreasing heart rate

The point for blood pressure at or above which an adult is diagnosed with hypertension is

140/90

A person with high blood pressure should NOT increase their intake of

red meat

The development of ___ is indicated by the formation of precancerous white patches in the mouth

leukoplakia

___ is the physical dependence on a drug

addiction

What group of Americans make up the largest percentage of new smokers?

children and young teens

Leukoplakia is a disease linked to:

smokeless tobacco

Is a poisonous gas that is colorless, odorless & tasteless:

carbon monoxide

For a person to become physiologically addicted to tobacco they would only have to smoke ___ packs of cigarettes

4

Clove cigarettes:

deliver more tar, nicotine, and carbon monoxide than regular tobacco

There are over ___ toxic chemicals in cigarette smoke

4,000

If something causes cancer, it is called:

carcinogenic

A form of tobacco that is inhaled through the nose is

snuff

What is the standard BAC for many states and WILL BE for all states within the next three years.

.08

Alcohol affects the brain in what order

cortex, sub-cortex, brainstem

Which of the following order effects the body when a person is using marijuana

brainstem, sub-cortex, cortex

The synergistic effect is a term that says:

one and one no longer equals two

The organ in the body that is most effected by drinking and is perhaps causes the most serious health problems is the:

Liver

is the common psychoactive ingredient in all alcoholic beverages

ethyl alcohol

For a person to be classifed as a binge drinker they would have to consume ____ or more drinks at a setting.

five

It takes the body approximately __ hour(s) to get one ounce of alcohol out of the body

one

Actually, alcohol _____ a person's sexual fucntions

decreases

Concerning the amount of alcohol in a glass of wine, a can of beer or a shot of whiskey:

the percentage between the three are very close

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