World War 2 Flash Cards

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Spanish Civil War

Civil War started in 1936 when the old order forced the king to leave Spain.

General Francisoco Franco

The leader of the revolt in 1936 that started the Spanish Civil War.

Rhineland

The first area invaded by Germany with no military resistance.

Anschluss

The union of Germany and Austria

Appeasement

The policy of giving in to an aggressor's demands in order to keep the peace.

Sudetenland

A region of western Czechoslovakia.

"Peace For Our Time"

Stated by Neville Chamberlain.

Neville Chamberlain

The British Prime Minister.

Nazi-Soviet Pact

The pact made between the soviets and the nazis stating that they were at peaceful relations.

Blitzkrieg

Lightning War

Sitzkrieg

The Phony War. Connection

Miracle of Dunkirk

1940 battle where 300,000 allied troops were ferried back to England by a small armada of ships.

Viche France

The capital of France while under Nazi control.

The "Desert Fox"

The nickname for commander Erwin Rommel during the Africa campain.

The Battle of Britain

Gemany attacks Britian in 1940 and the Luftwaffe and the Royal air force battle for air superiority. Germany fails to take Britian.

The "Blitz"

German bombers atttacking major cities instead of military bases and airfields.

Winston Churchill

British Prime Minister that replaces Neville Chamberlain.

radar

Technology that allowed troops to "see" the locations of enemy and friendly planes.

sonar

Technology that allowed troops to "see" the locations of enemy and friendly submarines.

Operation Barbarossa

The German plan to invade the Soviet Union.

Siege of Leningrad

A two and a half year siege in which Hitler was equally determined to take Leningrad as Stalin was to defend it.

The Arsenal of Democracy

The army, navy, and air forces fighting communism and Hitler.

Atlantic Charter

The agreement that the United States would help defeat Germany and Japan.

Oil Embargo

The need of oil.

Pearl Harbor

On December 7, 1941, the Japanese attacked the US navy in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.

The "Final Solution"

Hitler's plan of getting ride of all European Jews.

Death Camps

Locations in Nazi Germany where Jews were sent to be killed.

Collaborators

People who helped round up Jews.

The co-prosperity sphere

The area not included in war and is completely isolated.

The Big Three

The USA, the Soviet Union, and Great Britian.

El Alamein

Location where the "Desert Fox" was stopped.

The Homefront

Fighting on your own land.

Stalingrad

Stalin's namestake city.

D-Day

Allied invasion of the beaches of Normandy.

Island-hopping

Taking one island at a time on the way to Japan.

The Battle of Midway

First naval battle where enemy ships didn't see each other.

V-E Day

Victory in Europe Day

Kamikaze

Japanese pilots who purposefully crash their planes into enemy ships. Means divine wind.

Hiroshima

The first site that an atomic bomb was dropped on.

Nagasaki

The second site that an atomic bomb was dropped on.

V-J Day

Victory in Japan Day

Holocaust

The extermination of all European Jews

Nuremburg

The location of a series of trials following the World War 2.

The United Nations

A new world peace corps.

"Iron Curtain"

The Berlin Wall

The "Cold War"

A state of tension and hostility between nations aligned with the United States on one side and the Soviet Union on the other.

Truman Doctrine

The idea of containing communism to Soviet controlled areas.

Containment

Limiting communism to the area already under Soviet control.

The Marshall Plan

A massive aid package.

The Berlin Airlift

A series of airlifts to help hostages trapped in Berlin by Stalin.

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization.

"Arms Race"

Race to build as many weapons as possible.

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