Administering a painful or unpleasant reinforcer after an unwanted response. Decreases the probability of the same response occurring again
Removing or decreasing an unpleasant or painful situation after a desirable response is produced. Increases the probability of the same response occurring again
A behavior followed by a reinforcing stimulus results in an increased probability of that behavior occurring in the future.
assumes that behavior is observable and can be correlated with other observable events.Thus, there are events that precede and follow behavior.
the idea that we behave the way we do because this kind of behavior has had certain consequences in the past.
. An unconditioned stimulus (UCS) such as food, generates and instinctual reflexive, unlearned behavior, such as salivation when eating. The salivation was called an unconditioned response (UCR) because it was not learned. The bell, formerly a neutral sound to the dog, become a conditioned learned stimulus (CLS) and the salivation a conditioned response (CR).