A group of citizens who agree on major issues facing the nation.
A party's choice for a political campaign and election.
An election held early in the year before a presidential election to vote for the party's nominee.
Catch phrases, key ideas, and power issues that candidates repeat over the course of a campaign.
The candidates official position on all domestic and foreign issues.
Any message, commercial, etc which paints the opponent in an unfavorable light.
These track public opinion of candidates on nearly a daily basis as election day approaches.
Money given to candidates from tax payer dollars.
Money raised from private individuals and corporations.
Political action committees
Committees that are established and represent interests of corporations, labor unions, or special interest groups.
A regularly scheduled election at which voters make the final selection for public officeholders.
An election held whenever an issue must be decided before the next regular election is held.
The group of electors who are selected by the voters in each state to officially elect the president and vice president.
A legal procedure by which government leaders will fill the vacancy of the presidency should the president die, become disabled, or be unable to serve.
An advisory group chosen by the President to help accomplish the work of the executive branch.
This is issued by the President to carry out policies described in laws that have been passed by Congress.
The ability to carry out and enforce laws.
A postponement of legal punishment which can be granted by the President.
A release from legal punishment that can be granted by the President.
A special pardon, granted by the president, to a group of people who have given offense to the government.
A person who represents one country in dealing with representatives of another country.
Power of recognition
The president's authority to accept or reject the legal existence of another country's government.
The process by which a candidate for a party is chosen among many possible candidates.
A special voting system during a primary, in which all or the people from one party in a town get together in one room to choose a candidate.
Political party classified as socially and economically liberal, originally founded by Andrew Jackson
Political party classified as socially liberal and economically conservative
American Independent Party
Political party classified as very socially conservative and very economically conservative
Political party classified as socially and economically conservative, one of their first candidates was Abraham Lincoln
Political party classified as a single issue party
Peace and Freedom Party
Political party classified as very socially liberal and very economically liberal
One of the nation's first two political parties, which was founded by Thomas Jefferson
One of the nation's first two political parties, which was founded by Alexander Hamilton
An early political party that was created in opposition of Andrew Jackson's Democrats
A primary election that allows voter to choose any party and does not require voters to declare a party.
A primary election that requires voters to declare a party, but allows independents to vote.
A primary that requires voters to declare a party and vote within that party.
A requirement that citizens vote or pay a fee or fine.
During the primary election, each party allocates a certain number of these who then officially vote for the presidential nominee.
A culminating event of the nomination process. This event is used as a place to announce the party's platform.
This Article is dedicated to the Legislative Branch
This Article is dedicated to the Executive Branch
This Article is dedicated to the Judicial Branch
This Article is dedicated to Relations Among States
This Article is dedicated to the Amendment Process
This Article is dedicated to the Supremacy Clause
This Article is dedicated to Ratification
A broad interpretation of the constitution that involves judges in the law making and policy making process.
Highest of the federal courts.
An opinion that is written to support the leading ruling of the court.
The formal name for a Justice's vote on a court case.
The process of determining whether or not a law violates the constitution.
The authority of a court to hear a case for the first time.
An opinion that is written to support the opposing ruling of the court.
Appellate Jurisdiction The authority of a court to review a case that has been previously tried.
A formal, written explanation of a Justice's decision.
Argues that the Supreme Court should rarely use judicial review and should not involve itself in public policy.
US Court of Appeals
Also known as the Circuit Courts.
Writ of Certiorari
The Supreme Court's request of written records from a lower court on a case.
The authority of a court to decide a certain case.
US District Court
The only federal court that is a trial court.
Prohibits the government from establishing a religion.
Free Exercise Clause
Protects individual's rights to worship or believe as they wish without government interference.
Due Process of Law
A guideline that states that the government may not act unfairly, unreasonably, unstable way and without cause.
A court order that authorizes police to search the scene of a suspected crime.
A rule created by the Supreme Court which states that evidence which is obtained illegally cannot be used in a trial.
Also known as reasonable grounds this is needed to believe that a suspect has committed a crime before making an arrest or searching that person or their property.
Equal Protection Clause
Part of the 14th Amendment, this states that everyone must be treated equally under the law among all levels of the American government.
A rule that protects a citizen from being punished twice for the same crime.
Gideon v Wainwright
A Supreme Court case that made the Sixth Amendment's guarantee of a right to counsel apply to all Americans.
Miranda v Arizona
A Supreme Court case that requires police officer to notify an accused of their rights before they are questioned.