Pharmacology Final

Created by rnpreston 

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A patient is receiving hydroxychloroquine (Plaquenil) therapy but tells the nurse that she has never traveled out of her state. The nurse knows that a possible reason for this drug therapy is which condition?

a) Lyme disease
b) Toxoplasmosis
c) Rheumatoid arthritis
d) Intestinal tapeworms

c) Rheumatoid arthritis

When the nurse teaches a manual skill such as self-injection of insulin to a patient, what is the best way to set up the teaching/learning session?

a) Provide written pamphlets for instruction.
b) Show a video and allow the patient to practice as needed on his own.
c) Verbally explain the procedure and provide written handouts for reinforcement.
d) After demonstrating the procedure, allow the patient to do several return demonstrations.

d) After demonstrating the procedure, allow the patient to do several return demonstrations.

If a patient is taking an antifungal drug with an oral anticoagulant, the nurse should monitor for which possible interaction?

a) Reduced action of oral anticoagulants, resulting in decreased prothrombin time-international normalized ratio (PT-INR)
b) Increased action of oral anticoagulants, resulting in increased PT-INR
c) Increased change in renal impairment caused by the antifungal drug
d) Decreased effectiveness of the antifungal drug

b) Increased action of oral anticoagulants, resulting in increased PT-INR

For which cultural group must the health care provider respect the value placed on harmony with nature and the belief that disease is the result ill spirits?

a) Hispanics
b) Asian Americans
c) Native Americans
d) African Americans

c) Native Americans

Which activity best reflects the implementation phase of the nursing process for a patient who is newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus?

a) Providing education regarding self-injection technique
b) Setting goals and outcome criteria with the patient's input
c) Recording a drug history regarding over-the-counter medications used at home
d) Formulating nursing diagnoses regarding knowledge deficit related to new treatment regimen

a) Providing education regarding self-injection technique

A patient has received a prescription for a 2-week course of antifungal suppositories for a vaginal yeast infection. She asks the nurse if there is an alternative to this medication, saying, "I don't want to do this for 2 weeks!" The nurse recognizes that a possible alternative prescription in this situation would be

a) a single dose of a vaginal antifungal cream.
b) a one-time infusion of amphotericin B.
c) a single dose of a fluconazole (Diflucan) oral tablet.
d) less effective than the suppositories.

c) a single dose of a fluconazole (Diflucan) oral tablet.

A mother suspects that her toddler has eaten an entire bottle of chewable aspirin (Acetylsalicylic acid) tablets. The nurse will assess for which most common signs of salicylate intoxication in children?

a) Photosensitivity and nervousness
b) Tinnitus and hearing loss
c) Acute gastrointestinal bleeding and anorexia
d) Hyperventilation and behavioral changes

d) Hyperventilation and behavioral changes

A young adult calls the clinic to ask for a prescription for "that new flu drug." He says he has had the flu for almost 4 days and just heard about a drug that can reduce the symptoms. Based on knowledge of antiviral therapy for influenza, what is the nurse's best response to his request?

a) "Now that you've had the flu, you will need a booster vaccination, not the antiviral drug."
b) "We need to do a blood test to verify that you actually have the flu."
c) "Ideally, drug therapy should be started within 2 days of symptom onset, not 4 days."
d) "We'll get you a prescription. As long as you start treatment within the next 24 hours, the drug should be effective."

c) "Ideally, drug therapy should be started within 2 days of symptom onset, not 4 days."

A patient is being evaluated for a possible helmintic infection. The nurse knows that which of the following statements about anthelmintic therapy is true?

a) They may cause severe drowsiness.
b) Anthelmintics are very specific in their actions.
c) Anthelmintics are effective against broad classes of infestations.
d) They are used to treat protozoal infections such as intestinal amebiasis.

b) Anthelmintics are very specific in their actions.

The nurse is assigned to a patient who is newly diagnosed with type 1 diabetes mellitus. Which statement best illustrates an outcome criterion for this patient?
Choose one answer.

a) The patient will follow instructions.
b) The patient will not experience complications.
c) The patient will adhere to the new insulin treatment regimen.
d)The patient will demonstrate safe insulin self-administration technique.

d)The patient will demonstrate safe insulin self-administration technique.

A patient with gout has been treated with allopurinol (Zyloprim) for 2 months. The nurse will monitor laboratory results for which therapeutic effect?
Choose one answer.

a) Decreased uric acid levels
b)Adequate prothrombin time
c)Increased white blood cell count
d)Increased hemoglobin and hematocrit levels

a) Decreased uric acid levels

A patient is to receive a penicillin intramuscular (IM) injection in the ventrogluteal site. The nurse remembers that the proper angle for needle insertion is _____ degrees.
Choose one answer.

a. 15
b. 45
c. 60
d. 90

d. 90

The nurse is administering drugs to neonates and should consider which factor that may contribute to drug toxicity?
Choose one answer.

a. The lungs are immature.
b. The kidneys are small.
c. The liver is not fully developed.
d. Excretion of the drug occurs quickly.

c. The liver is not fully developed.

Which nursing diagnosis is appropriate for a patient who has just received a prescription for a new medication?
Choose one answer.

a. Noncompliance related to a new drug therapy
b. Ineffective health maintenance related to new drug therapy
c. Lack of knowledge regarding newly prescribed drug therapy
d. Deficient knowledge related to newly prescribed drug therapy

d. Deficient knowledge related to newly prescribed drug therapy

The nurse is administering medications to a patient who is in liver failure resulting from end-stage cirrhosis. The nurse is aware that patients with liver failure would most likely have problems with which pharmacokinetic phase?
Choose one answer.

a. Absorption
b. Distribution
c. Metabolism
d. Excretion

c. Metabolism

The nurse is transcribing a verbal medication order. Which is the proper notation of the dose of the drug ordered?
Choose one answer.

a. Digoxin .125 mg
b. Digoxin .1250 mg
c. Digoxin 0.125 mg
d. Digoxin 0.1250 mg

c. Digoxin 0.125 mg

The nurse has an order to administer an IM immunization to a 2-month-old child. Which site is the best choice for this injection?
Choose one answer.

a. Deltoid
b. Dorsogluteal
c. Ventrogluteal
d. Vastus lateralis

d. Vastus lateralis

A patient has been taking antitubercular therapy for 3 months. The nurse notes a therapeutic response to these drugs with which assessment findings?
Choose one answer.

a. The chronic cough is gone.
b. There are two consecutive negative purified protein derivative (PPD) results over 2 months.
c. There is increased tolerance to the medication therapy and there are fewer reports of adverse effects.
d. There is a decrease in symptoms of tuberculosis along with improved chest x-rays and sputum cultures.

d. There is a decrease in symptoms of tuberculosis along with improved chest x-rays and sputum cultures.

When reviewing the history of a patient who will be taking an antifungal drug, the nurse knows that which of the following conditions is a contraindication to these drugs?
Choose one answer.

a. Diabetes mellitus
b. Renal failure
c. Hyperthyroidism
d. Meningitis

b. Renal failure

A patient is being treated for ethanol alcohol abuse in a rehabilitation center. The nurse should include which information when teaching him about disulfiram (Antabuse) therapy?
Choose one answer.

a. He should not smoke cigarettes while on this drug.
b. He needs to know about the common over-the-counter substances that contain alcohol.
c. This drug will cause the same effects as the alcohol did, without the euphoric effects.
d. Mouthwashes and cough medicines that contain alcohol are safe because they are used in small amounts.

b. He needs to know about the common over-the-counter substances that contain alcohol.

The nurse is giving medications through a percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) tube. Which technique is correct?
Choose one answer.

a. Administering the medications using a 3-mL medication syringe
b. Applying firm pressure on the syringe's piston to infuse the medication
c. Flushing the tubing with 30 mL of saline after the medication has been given
d. Using the barrel of the syringe, allowing the fluid to flow via gravity into the tube

d. Using the barrel of the syringe, allowing the fluid to flow via gravity into the tube

A 79-year-old patient is receiving a quinolone as treatment for a complicated incision infection. The nurse will monitor for which adverse effect that is associated with these drugs?
Choose one answer.

a. Neuralgia
b. Double vision
c. Hypotension
d. Tendinitis and tendon rupture

d. Tendinitis and tendon rupture

A patient is receiving eye drops that contain a beta-blocker medication. The nurse will use what method to reduce systemic effects after administering the eye drops?
Choose one answer.

a. Wiping off excess liquid immediately after instilling the drops
b. Having the patient close the eye tightly after the drops have been instilled
c. Having the patient close the eye, then move the eye around to help distribute the medication
d. Applying gentle pressure to the patient's nasolacrimal duct for 30 to 60 seconds after instilling the drops

d. Applying gentle pressure to the patient's nasolacrimal duct for 30 to 60 seconds after instilling the drops

During an admission assessment, the nurse discovers that a patient does not speak English. Which is considered the ideal resource for translation?
Choose one answer.

a. The nurse should speak to the patient in the patient's native language.
b. The nurse should speak to a translator from the patient's family.
c. The nurse should speak to an adult friend of the family.
d. The nurse should use prewritten note cards that include both English and the patient's language.

a. The nurse should speak to the patient in the patient's native language.

Before administering any medication, which action by the nurse is most important regarding patient safety?
Choose one answer.

a. Verifying orders with another nurse
b. Documenting the medications given
c. Counting medications in the medication cart drawers
d. Checking the patient's identification and allergies

d. Checking the patient's identification and allergies

Question 26
Marks: 1
A patient wants to take the herb valerian to help himself rest at night. The nurse would be concerned about potential interactions if he is taking which drugs?
Choose at least one answer.

a. Digitalis
b. Anticoagulants
c. Sedatives
d. Immunosuppressants

b. Anticoagulants
c. Sedatives
d. Immunosuppressants

The medication order reads, "Give ondansetron (Reglan) 24 mg, 30 minutes before beginning chemotherapy to prevent nausea." The nurse notes that the route is missing from the order. What is the nurse's best action?
Choose one answer.

a. Giving the medication intravenously because it is for nausea prevention
b. Giving the medication orally because the tablets are available in 24 mg doses
c. Contacting the prescriber to clarify the route of the medication ordered
d. Holding the medication until the prescriber returns to clarify the order

c. Contacting the prescriber to clarify the route of the medication ordered

The nurse is administering parenteral drugs. Which statement is true regarding parenteral drugs?
Choose one answer.

a. Parenteral drugs bypass the first-pass effect.
b. Absorption of parenteral drugs is affected by reduced blood flow to the stomach.
c. Absorption of parenteral drugs is altered by the presence of food in the stomach.
d. Parenteral drugs exert their effects while circulating in the bloodstream.

a. Parenteral drugs bypass the first-pass effect.

A patient who has been hospitalized for 2 weeks has developed a pressure ulcer that contains multidrug-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). Which drug would the nurse expect to be chosen for his therapy?
Choose one answer.

a. metronidazole (Flagyl)
b. tobramycin (Nebcin)
c. vancomycin (Vancocin)
d. ciprofloxacin (Cipro)

c. vancomycin (Vancocin)

A patient is receiving aminoglycoside therapy and will be receiving a beta-lactam antibiotic as well. The patient asks why two antibiotics have been ordered. What is the nurse's best response?
Choose one answer.

a. "The combined effect of both antibiotics is greater than each of them alone."
b. "The first antibiotic was not strong enough to work."
c. "We have not yet isolated the bacteria, so the two antibiotics are given to cover a wide range of microorganisms."
d. "We can give a reduced amount of each one if we give them together."

a. "The combined effect of both antibiotics is greater than each of them alone."

A patient has been selected as a potential recipient of an experimental drug for heart failure. The nurse knows that when informed consent has been obtained, it indicates that the patient
Choose one answer.

a. has been informed of the possible benefits of the new therapy.
b. will be informed of the details of the study as the research continues.
c. will not be sure to receive the actual drug during the experiment.
d. has had the study's purpose, procedures, and the risks involved explained to him.

d. has had the study's purpose, procedures, and the risks involved explained to him.

When reviewing the allergy history of a patient, the nurse notes that the patient is allergic to penicillin. Based on this finding, the nurse would question an order for which class of antibiotics?
Choose one answer.

a. Tetracyclines
b. Sulfonamides
c. Cephalosporins
d. Imipenem-cilastatin

c. Cephalosporins

A 75-year-old woman has been given an NSAID for the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis. The nurse is reviewing the patient's medication history and notes that which type of medication could have an interaction with this NSAID?
Choose one answer.

a. Antibiotics
b. Decongestants
c. Anticoagulants
d. Beta-blockers

c. Anticoagulants

A patient has a roundworm infestation and will be taking mebendazole (Vermox). What adverse effects should the nurse include in a teaching plan for this patient?
Choose one answer.

a. Vertigo
b. Seizures
c. Diarrhea
d. Insomnia

c. Diarrhea

A 42lb child is to receive 5mg/kg of a drug. Each tablet equals 50mg. How many tablets are needed by this child?
Choose one answer.

a. 1 tablet
b. 2 tablets
c. 3 tablets
d. 4 tablets

b. 2 tablets

A patient who is being treated for malaria has started therapy with quinine and tetracycline. He asks the nurse why he is on an antibiotic when malaria is caused by a parasite. What should the nurse tell the patient?
Choose one answer.

a. "The tetracycline prevents reinfection by the malarial parasite."
b. "The antibiotic is combined with quinine to reduce the adverse effects of the quinine."
c. "An antibacterial drug prevents the occurrence of superinfection during antimalarial therapy."
d. "The two drugs are more effective against malaria when given together."

d. "The two drugs are more effective against malaria when given together."

When discussing dosage calculation for pediatric patients with a clinical pharmacist, the nurse notes that which type of dosage calculation is used most commonly in pediatric calculations?
Choose one answer.

a. West nomogram
b. Clark rule
c. Height-to-weight ratio
d. Mg/kg formula

d. Mg/kg formula

A patient is to receive oral digoxin (Lanoxin) daily; however, because he is unable to swallow, he cannot take it orally, as ordered. What type of problem does this represent?
Choose one answer.

a. "Right time" problem
b. "Right dose" problem
c. "Right route" problem
d. "Right medication" problem

c. "Right route" problem

A patient who has started drug therapy for tuberculosis wants to know how long he will be on the medications. What is the nurse's best response?
Choose one answer.

a. "Drug therapy will last until the symptoms have stopped."
b. "Drug therapy will continue until the tuberculosis develops resistance."
c. "You should expect to take these drugs for as long as 24 months."
d. "You will be on antituberculosis drug therapy for the rest of your life."

c. "You should expect to take these drugs for as long as 24 months."

The nurse is writing a nursing diagnosis for a plan of care for a patient who has been newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. Which statement reflects the correct format for a nursing diagnosis?
Choose one answer.

a. Anxiety
b. Anxiety related to new drug therapy
c. Anxiety related to feelings about drug therapy as evidenced by statements such as "I'm upset about having to give myself shots"
d. Anxiety related to new drug therapy as evidenced by statements such as "I'm upset about having to give myself shots"

d. Anxiety related to new drug therapy as evidenced by statements such as "I'm upset about having to give myself shots"

A patient is receiving two different drugs. At current dosages and dosage forms, both drugs are absorbed into the circulation in identical amounts. Thus, because they have the same absorption rates, they are
Choose one answer.

a. in a steady state.
b. synergistic.
c. compatible.
d. bioequivalent.

d. bioequivalent.

A patient is experiencing chest pain and needs to take a sublingual form of nitroglycerin. Where does the nurse instruct the patient to place the tablet?
Choose one answer.

a. Under the tongue
b. In the space between the cheek and the gum inside the mouth
c. At the back of the throat for easy swallowing
d. On a non-hairy area of the chest

a. Under the tongue

The nurse is assessing a newly admitted 83-year-old patient and determines that the patient is experiencing polypharmacy. Which statement most accurately illustrates polypharmacy?
Choose one answer.

a. The patient has lower risk for drug interactions.
b. The patient takes one medication for an illness several times a day.
c. The patient risks problems only if over-the-counter medications are also taken.
d. The patient takes multiple medications for several different illnesses.

d. The patient takes multiple medications for several different illnesses.

The nurse has been monitoring a patient's progress on a new drug regimen since the first dose and documenting signs of possible adverse effects. This example illustrates which phase of the nursing process?
Choose one answer.

a. Planning
b. Evaluation
c. Implementation
d. Nursing diagnosis

b. Evaluation

Nurses have the ethical responsibility to tell the truth to their patients. What is this principle known as?
Choose one answer.

a. Justice
b. Veracity
c. Beneficence
d. Nonmaleficence

b. Veracity

The nurse is giving an intradermal (ID) injection and should choose which size syringe for this injection?
Choose one answer.

a. 3-mL syringe
b. 1-mL tuberculin
c. 2-mL tuberculin
d. 2- to 3-mL for adults and 1- to 2-mL for children

b. 1-mL tuberculin

The nurse is counseling a woman who will be starting rifampin. The patient is on oral contraceptives. Which statement is true regarding rifampin therapy for this patient?
Choose one answer.

a. Women have a high risk for thrombophlebitis while on this drug.
b. A higher dose of rifampin will be necessary because of the contraceptive.
c. Oral contraceptives are less effective while the patient is taking rifampin.
d. The incidence of adverse effects is greater if the two drugs are taken together.

c. Oral contraceptives are less effective while the patient is taking rifampin.

The nurse is reviewing the medication history of a patient who will be taking an antibiotic. During antibiotic therapy, a significant drug interaction may occur with which drug group?
Choose one answer.

a. Opioids
b. Oral contraceptives
c. Anti-hypertensives
d. Antihistamines

b. Oral contraceptives

The nurse is administering a vancomycin (Vancocin) infusion. Which measure is appropriate for the nurse to implement in order to reduce complications that may occur with this drug's administration?
Choose one answer.

a. Monitoring blood pressure for hypertension during the infusions
b. Infusing the drug rapidly
c. Restricting fluids during vancomycin therapy
d. Infusing the drug over at least 1 hour

d. Infusing the drug over at least 1 hour

The nurse is measuring 4 mL of a liquid cough elixir for a child. Which method is most appropriate?
Choose one answer.

a. Using a teaspoon to measure and administer
b. Holding the medication cup at eye level and filling it to the desired level
c. Withdrawing the elixir from the container using a syringe without a needle attached
d. Withdrawing the elixir from the container using a calibrated oral syringe

d. Withdrawing the elixir from the container using a calibrated oral syringe

The physician orders nystatin suspension 400,000units to a patient. This antifungal drug is supplied in a bottle which label read:" 5ml = 500,000units". How many mls should be administered each dose?
Choose one answer.

a. 4 ml
b. 8 ml
c. 8.2 ml
d. 20 ml

a. 4 ml

An 83-year-old woman has been given a thiazide diuretic (Lasix) to treat mild heart failure. She and her daughter should be told to watch for which problems?
Choose one answer.

a. Constipation and anorexia
b. Fatigue and dehydration
c. Daytime sedation and lethargy
d. Edema, nausea, and blurred vision

b. Fatigue and dehydration

During an intravenous (IV) infusion of amphotericin B, a patient develops tingling and numbness in his toes and fingers. What will the nurse do?
Choose one answer.

a. Discontinue the infusion immediately.
b. Reduce the infusion rate gradually until the adverse effects subside.
c. Administer the medication by rapid IV infusion to reduce the potential adverse effects.
d. Nothing; these are expected side effects of this medication.

a. Discontinue the infusion immediately.

A member of an investigational drug study team is working with healthy volunteers whose participation will help to determine the optimal dosage range and pharmacokinetics of the drug. The team member is participating in what type of study?
Choose one answer.

a. Phase I
b. Phase II
c. Phase III
d. Phase IV

a. Phase I

A 38-year-old man stopped smoking 6 months ago. He tells the nurse that he still feels strong cigarette cravings and wonders if he is ever going to feel "normal" again. Which statement by the nurse is correct?
Choose one answer.

a. "These cravings will never stop."
b. "These cravings may persist for months to years."
c. "The cravings tell us that you are still using nicotine."
d. "The cravings indicate that you are about to experience nicotine withdrawal."

b. "These cravings may persist for months to years."

A patient who has been taking isoniazid (INH) has a new prescription for pyridoxine. She is wondering why she needs this medication. The nurse explains that pyridoxine (Vit B6) is given concurrently with the isoniazid to prevent
Choose one answer.

a. hair loss.
b. renal failure.
c. peripheral neuropathy.
d. heart failure.

c. peripheral neuropathy.

The nurse is developing a care plan for a patient who will be self-administering insulin injections. Which statement reflects a measurable goal?
Choose one answer.

a. The patient will know about insulin injections.
b. The patient will understand the principles of insulin preparation.
c. The patient will demonstrate the proper technique of mixing insulin.
d. The patient will comprehend the proper technique of preparing insulin.

c. The patient will demonstrate the proper technique of mixing insulin.

The main purpose of the Human Genome Project is to
Choose one answer.

a. study genetic diseases.
b. study genetic traits in humans.
c. discover new genetic diseases.
d. describe the entire genome of a human being.

d. describe the entire genome of a human being.

The nurse is setting up a teaching session with an 85-year-old patient who will be going home on anticoagulant therapy (Coumadin). Which education strategy would reflect consideration of the changes resulting from aging that exist with this patient?
Choose one answer.

a. Show a colorful video about anticoagulation therapy.
b. Present all the information in one session just before discharge.
c. Give the patient pamphlets about the medications to read at home.
d. Develop large-print handouts that reflect the verbal information presented.

d. Develop large-print handouts that reflect the verbal information presented.

When reviewing pharmacology terms for a group of newly graduated nurses, the nurse explains that a drug's half-life is the time it takes for
Choose one answer.

a. the drug to elicit half of its therapeutic response.
b. one half of the original amount of a drug to reach the target cells.
c. one half of the original amount of a drug to be removed from the body.
d. one half of the original amount of a drug to be absorbed into the circulation.

c. one half of the original amount of a drug to be removed from the body.

When assessing patients who are to receive antitubercular therapy, the nurse should assess for which potential contraindication?
Choose one answer.

a. Glaucoma
b. Anemia
c. Heart failure
d. Hepatic impairment

d. Hepatic impairment

A 29-year-old male is admitted to the intensive care unit with the following symptoms: restlessness, hyperactive reflexes, talkativeness, confusion and periods of panic, tachycardia, and fever. The nurse suspects that he may be experiencing the effects of taking which substance?
Choose one answer.

a. Opiates
b. Alcohol
c. Stimulants
d. Depressants

c. Stimulants

The nurse is preparing an infusion of amphotericin B for a patient who has a severe fungal infection. Which intervention is appropriate regarding the potential adverse effects of amphotericin B?
Choose one answer.

a. Discontinuing the infusion immediately if fever, chills, or nausea occur
b. Gradually increasing the infusion rate until adverse effects occur
c. If fever, chills, or nausea occur during the infusion, administering medications to treat the symptoms
d. Before beginning the infusion, administering an antipyretic and an antiemetic drug

d. Before beginning the infusion, administering an antipyretic and an antiemetic drug

The physician orders states: "Digoxin elixir 0.25mg PO daily and hold for apical heart rate below 60/min. The bottle is labeled 0.05mg/ml. How many ml(s) are needed for the ordered dose?
Choose one answer.

a. 5 ml
b. 10 ml
c. 15 ml
d. 20 ml

a. 5 ml

The physician orders 500mg of Ancef I.M. The pharmacy supplies a vial powder with the following instructions: "Add 2.5ml of sterile water for injection. This will provide a yield of 330mg/ml." How many ml of this antibiotic preparation should be administered to the patient?
Choose one answer.

a. 0.125 ml
b. 0.9 ml
c. 1.5 ml
d. 2.6 ml

c. 1.5 ml

Which is the most important compound that transfers genes from parents to offspring?
Choose one answer.

a. Chromatin
b. DNA
c. Alleles
d. RNA

b. DNA

The nurse is administering an IV push medication through an IV lock. After injecting the medication, which action will be taken next?
Choose one answer.

a. Flushing the lock
b. Regulating the IV flow
c. Clamping the tubing for 10 minutes
d. Holding the patient's arm up to improve blood flow

a. Flushing the lock

The nurse is reviewing facts about pharmacology. The term legend drug refers to which item?
Choose one answer.

a. Over-the-counter drugs
b. Prescription drugs
c. Orphan drugs
d. Herbal products

b. Prescription drugs

The nurse will plan to use the Z-track method of IM injections when the
Choose one answer.

a. medication is known to be irritating to tissues.
b. patient is emaciated and has very little muscle mass.
c. medication must be absorbed quickly into the tissues.
d. patient is obese and has a deep fat layer below the muscle mass.

a. medication is known to be irritating to tissues.

An infant has been hospitalized with a severe lung infection caused by the respiratory syncytial virus (RSV). The nurse expects which drug to be administered via the inhalation route?
Choose one answer.

a. acyclovir (Zovirax)
b. ganciclovir (Cytovene)
c. amantadine (Symmetrel)
d. ribavirin (Virazole)

d. ribavirin (Virazole)

The nurse is presenting a substance-abuse lecture for teenage girls and is asked about "roofies." The nurse recognizes that this is the slang term for what substance?
Choose one answer.

a. cocaine
b. flunitrazepam
c. secobarbital
d. methamphetamine

b. flunitrazepam

When given an intravenous (IV) medication, the patient says to the nurse, "I usually take pills. Why does this medication have to be given in the arm?" What is the nurse's best answer?
Choose one answer.

a. "The medication will cause fewer adverse effects when given intravenously."
b. "The IV medication will be absorbed slowly into the tissues over time."
c. "The action of the medication will begin sooner when given intravenously."
d. "There is a lower chance of allergic reactions when drugs are given IV."

c. "The action of the medication will begin sooner when given intravenously."

The nurse is conducting a smoking-cessation program. Which statement regarding drugs used in cigarette-smoking-cessation programs is true?
Choose one answer.

a. Rapid chewing of the nicotine gum releases an immediate dose of nicotine.
b. Quick relief from withdrawal symptoms is most easily achieved by using a transdermal patch.
c. Treatment compliance is higher with use of the gum rather than the transdermal patch.
d. The nicotine gum can be used only up to six times a day.

a. Rapid chewing of the nicotine gum releases an immediate dose of nicotine.

When reviewing the medication orders for a patient who is taking penicillin, the nurse notes that the patient is also taking the oral anticoagulant warfarin (Coumadin). What possible effect may occur as the result of an interaction between these drugs?
Choose one answer.

a. The penicillin will cause an enhanced anticoagulant effect of the warfarin.
b. The penicillin will cause the anticoagulant effect of the warfarin to decrease.
c. The warfarin will reduce the anti-infective action of the penicillin.
d. The warfarin will increase the effectiveness of the penicillin.

a. The penicillin will cause an enhanced anticoagulant effect of the warfarin.

For accurate medication administration to pediatric patients, the nurse must take into account which criteria?
Choose one answer.

a. Weight and organ maturity
b. Renal output and weight
c. Weight, body temperature, and age
d. Height and age

a. Weight and organ maturity

A patient who has undergone bone marrow transplantation has contracted cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinitis. The nurse expects which drug to be ordered for this patient?
Choose one answer.

a. acyclovir (Zovirax)
b. ganciclovir (Cytovene)
c. zanamivir (Relenza)
d. amantadine (Symmetrel)

b. ganciclovir (Cytovene)

When given a scheduled morning medication, the patient states, "I haven't seen that pill before. Are you sure it's correct?" The nurse checks the medication administration record and verifies that it is listed. Which is the nurse's best response to the patient?
Choose one answer.

a. "It's listed here on the medication sheet, so you should take it."
b. "Go ahead and take it, and then I'll check with your doctor about it."
c. "It wouldn't be listed here if it were not ordered for you!"
d. "I'll check on the order first before you take it."

d. "I'll check on the order first before you take it."

A patient who has a history of coronary artery disease has been instructed to take one 81-mg aspirin tablet a day. The nurse is aware that the purpose of this dose of aspirin is to
Choose one answer.

a. prevent fever.
b. reduce inflammation.
c. relieve pain.
d. prevent thrombus formation.

d. prevent thrombus formation.

A patient is taking nystatin (Mycostatin) lozenges because of an oral candidiasis infection resulting from inhaled corticosteroid therapy for asthma. Which instruction by the nurse is appropriate?
Choose one answer.

a. "Chew the lozenges until they are completely dissolved."
b. "Let the lozenge dissolve slowly and completely in your mouth without chewing it."
c. "Rinse your mouth with water before taking the inhaler."
d. "Rinse your mouth with mouthwash after taking the inhaler."

b. "Let the lozenge dissolve slowly and completely in your mouth without chewing it."

A nurse is providing teaching for a patient who will be taking varenicline (Chantix) as part of a smoking-cessation program. Which teaching point is appropriate for a patient taking this medication?
Choose one answer.

a. This drug is available as a chewing gum that can be taken to reduce cravings.
b. Be careful when driving because drowsiness may be a problem.
c. There have been very few adverse effects reported for this drug.
d. Avoid caffeine while on this drug.

b. Be careful when driving because drowsiness may be a problem.

When administering medication by IV bolus (push), the nurse should occlude the IV line by which method?
Choose one answer.

a. Pinching the tubing just below the injection port
b. Pinching the tubing just above the injection port
c. Pinching the tubing just below the drip chamber of the infusion set
d. Not pinching the IV tubing at all

b. Pinching the tubing just above the injection port

The nurse is reviewing the therapeutic effects of nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), which include which effects?
Choose one answer.

a. Anxiolytic
b. Diuretic
c. Antipyretic
d. Antimicrobial

c. Antipyretic

A 60-year-old patient is on several new medications and expresses worry that she will forget to take her pills. Which action by the nurse would be most helpful in this situation?
Choose one answer.

a. Teaching effective coping strategies
b. Reducing the number of drugs prescribed
c. Assuring her that she will not forget once she is accustomed to the routine
d. Assisting her with obtaining and learning to use a calendar or pill container

d. Assisting her with obtaining and learning to use a calendar or pill container

The nurse is monitoring a 22-year-old patient who is in the 26th week of pregnancy and has developed gestational diabetes and pneumonia. She is given medications that pose a possible fetal risk, but the potential benefits may warrant the use of the medications in her situation. The nurse recognizes that these medications are in which U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) pregnancy safety category?
Choose one answer.

a. Category B
b. Category C
c. Category D
d. Category X

c. Category D

The nurse needs to administer insulin subcutaneously (subq) to an obese patient. The proper technique for this injection includes
Choose one answer.

a. using the Z-track method.
b. inserting the needle at a 5- to 15-degree angle until resistance is felt.
c. pinching the skin at the injection site and inserting the needle to below the tissue fold.
d. spreading the skin tightly over the injection site, inserting the needle, then releasing the skin.

c. pinching the skin at the injection site and inserting the needle to below the tissue fold.

The prescriber has written admission orders, and the nurse is transcribing them. The nurse is having difficulty transcribing one order because of the prescriber's handwriting. Which is the best action for the nurse to take at this time?
Choose one answer.

a. Ask a colleague what the order says.
b. Contact the prescriber to clarify the order.
c. Wait until the prescriber makes rounds again to clarify the order.
d. Ask the patient what medications he takes at home.

b. Contact the prescriber to clarify the order.

The physician orders 1,000mg of acetaminophen PO STAT. The only available tablets are 500mg each. How many tablets should the nurse administer for the stat dose?
Choose one answer.

a. 2 tablets
b. 10 tablets
c. 12 tablets
d. 3 tablets

a. 2 tablets

The patient is asking the nurse about current U.S. laws and regulations of herbal products. Which statement is true?
Choose one answer.

a. Medicinal herbs are viewed as dietary supplements.
b. Herbal remedies are held to the same standards as drugs.
c. Producers of herbal products must prove therapeutic efficacy.
d. Herbal remedies are protected by patent laws.

a. Medicinal herbs are viewed as dietary supplements.

A woman is traveling to a country where she will be at high risk for malarial infection. What will the nurse teach her regarding prophylactic therapy?
Choose one answer.

a. The medication is better absorbed and has fewer adverse effects if taken on an empty stomach.
b. This drug should be started 3 weeks before exposure but can be discontinued once she leaves the area.
c. This drug is taken only when she observes mosquito bites, because it can have toxic effects if taken unnecessarily.
d. This drug is usually started 1 to 2 weeks before traveling to endemic areas and is continued for 4 weeks after leaving the area.

d. This drug is usually started 1 to 2 weeks before traveling to endemic areas and is continued for 4 weeks after leaving the area.

A patient is receiving cidofovir as part of the treatment for a viral infection, and the nurse is preparing to administer probenecid, which is also ordered. The nurse understands that the probenecid is given for which reason?
Choose one answer.

a. It has a synergistic effect when given with cidofovir, thus making the antiviral medication more effective.
b. The probenecid also prevents the replication of the virus.
c. Concurrent drug therapy with probenecid reduces the nephrotoxicity of the cidofovir.
d. The probenecid reduces the adverse gastrointestinal effects of the cidofovir.

c. Concurrent drug therapy with probenecid reduces the nephrotoxicity of the cidofovir.

A 25-year-old woman is visiting the prenatal clinic today and shares with the nurse her desire to go "natural" with her pregnancy. She shows the nurse a list of herbal remedies that she wants to buy so that she can "avoid taking any drugs." Which statement by the nurse is correct?
Choose one answer.

a. "Most herbal remedies are nontoxic and safe for use during pregnancy."
b. "Please read the labels carefully before use to check for cautionary warnings."
c. "Keep in mind that products from different manufacturers are required to contain consistent amounts of the herbal products."
d. "It's important to remember that herbal remedies do not have proven safety ratings for pregnant women."

d. "It's important to remember that herbal remedies do not have proven safety ratings for pregnant women."

A patient has been taking an over-the-counter (OTC) acid-reducing drug because he has had "stomach problems" for several months. He tells the nurse that the medicine helps as long as he takes it, but once he stops it, the symptoms return. Which statement by the nurse is the best advice for this patient?
Choose one answer.

a. "The over-the-counter drug has helped you, so you should continue to take it."
b. "The over-the-counter dosage may not be strong enough. You should be taking prescription-strength for best effects."
c. "For best results, you need to watch what you eat in addition to taking this drug."
d. "Using this drug may relieve your symptoms, but it does not address the cause. You should be seen by your health care provider."

d. "Using this drug may relieve your symptoms, but it does not address the cause. You should be seen by your health care provider."

Which drug is manufactured as a result of indirect gene therapy?
Choose one answer.

a. Vitamin K
b. Warfarin
c. Human insulin
d. Heparin

c. Human insulin

Which situation is an example of a medication error?
Choose one answer.

a. A patient refuses her morning medications.
b. A patient receives a double dose of a medication because the nurse did not cut the pill in half.
c. A patient develops hives after having started an IV antibiotic 24 hours earlier.
d. A patient complains of severe pain still present 60 minutes after a pain medication was given.

b. A patient receives a double dose of a medication because the nurse did not cut the pill in half.

When admitting a patient with a suspected diagnosis of chronic alcohol use, the nurse should keep in mind that chronic use of alcohol might result in which condition?
Choose one answer.

a. Renal failure
b. Stroke
c. Korsakoff psychosis
d. Alzheimer's disease

c. Korsakoff psychosis

During the development of a new drug, which would be included in the study by the researcher to prevent any bias or unrealistic expectations of the new drug's usefulness?
Choose one answer.

a. placebo
b. FDA approval
c. Informed consent
d. Efficacy information

a. placebo

A patient in a rehabilitation center is beginning to experience opioid withdrawal symptoms. The nurse should prepare to administer which drug as part of the treatment?
Choose one answer.

a. diazepam (Valium)
b. methadone
c. disulfiram (Antabuse)
d. bupropion (Zyban)

b. methadone

When a patient is on aminoglycoside therapy, the nurse will monitor the patient for which indicators of potential toxicity?
Choose one answer.

a. Fever
b. White blood cell count of 7000 mm3
c. Tinnitus and hearing loss
d. Decreased creatinine levels

c. Tinnitus and hearing loss

The nurse is about to give a rectal suppository to a patient. Which technique would facilitate the administration of the rectal suppository?
Choose one answer.

a. Having the patient lie on his or her right side, unless contraindicated
b. Having the patient hold his or her breath during insertion of the medication
c. Lubricating the suppository with a small amount of petroleum-based lubricant
d. Encouraging the patient to lie on his or her left side for 15 to 20 minutes after insertion

c. Lubricating the suppository with a small amount of petroleum-based lubricant

The nurse is discussing adverse effects of antitubercular drugs. Which potential adverse effect should the patient report to his or her prescriber?
Choose one answer.

a. Gastrointestinal upset
b. Headache and nervousness
c. Reddish-orange urine and stool
d. Numbness and tingling of extremities

d. Numbness and tingling of extremities

A patient with a tracheostomy has difficulty removing excessive, thick mucus from the respiratory tract. The nurse anticipates that which drug will be ordered to aid in the removal of mucus?
Choose one answer.

a. guaifenesin (Mucinex)
b. benzonatate (Tessalon Perles)
c. codeine
d. dextromethorphan

a. guaifenesin (Mucinex)

A patient is taking intravenous aminophylline for a severe exacerbation of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Which finding would the nurse expect when evaluating for a therapeutic response to the medication?
Choose one answer.

a. Increased work of breathing
b. Increased heart rate
c. Increased respiratory rate
d. Increased ease of breathing

d. Increased ease of breathing

Antihypertensive drug therapy for a newly diagnosed, stage 1 hypertensive African American patient would most likely include which drug or drug classes?
Choose one answer.

a. Vasodilators alone
b. ACE inhibitors alone
c. Calcium channel blockers with thiazide diuretic
d. Beta-blockers with thiazide diuretic

c. Calcium channel blockers with thiazide diuretic

A patient has been taking digoxin at home but has taken an accidental overdose and has developed toxicity. He has been admitted to the telemetry unit where the physician has ordered digoxin immune Fab (Digibind). The patient asks the nurse why the medication is ordered. What is the nurse's best response?
Choose one answer.

a. "It works faster than digoxin."
b. "It is safer than digoxin and can be taken orally."
c. "It helps to convert the irregular heart rhythm to a more normal rhythm."
d. "This drug is an antidote to digoxin and will help to lower the blood levels."

d. "This drug is an antidote to digoxin and will help to lower the blood levels."

What action is recommended to help reduce the tolerance to transdermal nitroglycerin therapy that commonly develops?
Choose one answer.

a. Omit a dose once a week.
b. Leave the patch on for 2 days at a time.
c. Cut the patch in half for a week until the tolerance subsides.
d. Remove the patch at bedtime, then apply a new one in the morning.

d. Remove the patch at bedtime, then apply a new one in the morning.

A patient with multiple sclerosis will be starting immunosuppressant therapy. The nurse expects that which drug will be used?
Choose one answer.

a. azathioprine (Imuran)
b. glatiramer acetate (Copaxone)
c. daclizumab (Zenapax)
d. sirolimus (Rapamune)

b. glatiramer acetate (Copaxone)

A 53-year-old man has been admitted for evaluation of chest pain. He has been diagnosed with angina and will be given a prescription for sublingual nitroglycerin tablets. When teaching the patient how to use sublingual nitroglycerin, what instruction should the nurse include?
Choose one answer.

a. Take up to five doses at 15-minute intervals for an angina attack.
b. If the tablet does not dissolve quickly, chew the tablet for maximal effect.
c. If the chest pain is not relieved after one tablet, call 911 immediately to activate emergency medical services.
d. Wait 1 minute between doses of sublingual tablets, up to three doses.

c. If the chest pain is not relieved after one tablet, call 911 immediately to activate emergency medical services.

The nurse notes that a patient is taking muromonab-CD3 (OKT3) and knows that an advantage of this drug over the newer drugs, such as basiliximab (Zenapax) and sirolimus (Rapamune), is that muromonab-CD3
Choose one answer.

a. has fewer adverse effects.
b. is given in oral form only; the others are parenteral drugs.
c. is the only drug indicated for organ transplant rejection.
d. can be used for its antiinflammatory effects as well.

c. is the only drug indicated for organ transplant rejection.

When starting a patient on antidysrhythmic therapy, the nurse should remember that which problem is a potential adverse effect of any antidysrhythmic drug?
Choose one answer.

a. Deficiency of fat-soluble vitamins
b. Hyperkalemia
c. Heart failure
d. Dysrhythmias

d. Dysrhythmias

If extravasation of an antineoplastic drug occurs during intravenous (IV) administration, what is the nurse's best immediate response?
Choose one answer.

a. Reduce the infusion rate.
b. Discontinue the IV and apply warm compresses.
c. Change the infusion to normal saline, and inject the area with hydrocortisone.
d. Stop the infusion immediately, but leave the IV tube in place for administration of an antidote.

d. Stop the infusion immediately, but leave the IV tube in place for administration of an antidote.

A patient is in the intensive care unit because of an acute myocardial infarction. He is experiencing severe ventricular dysrhythmias. The nurse should prepare to give which drug of choice for this dysrhythmia?
Choose one answer.

a. diltiazem (Cardizem)
b. verapamil (Calan)
c. lidocaine
d. adenosine (Adenocard)

c. lidocaine

A 12-month-old infant has received an MMR II (measles, mumps, and rubella virus vaccine), and her mother calls the clinic that afternoon to ask about helping her fussy infant to "feel better." What should the nurse suggest?
Choose one answer.

a. Apply an ice pack to the injection site.
b. Give the infant baby aspirin for the pain.
c. Apply warm compresses to the injection site.
d. Observe the site for further swelling and redness.

c. Apply warm compresses to the injection site.

A patient with end-stage renal failure has been admitted to the hospital for severe anemia. She is refusing blood transfusions. The nurse anticipates drug therapy with which drug to stimulate the production of red blood cells?
Choose one answer.

a. filgrastim (Neupogen)
b. oprelvekin [IL-11] (Neumega)
c. epoetin alfa (Epogen)
d. folic acid

c. epoetin alfa (Epogen)

A patient about to receive his morning dose of digoxin has an apical pulse of 70 beats per minute. What will the nurse do?
Choose one answer.

a. Administer the dose.
b. Administer the dose and notify the physician.
c. Check the radial pulse for 1 full minute.
d. Withhold the dose and notify the physician.

a. Administer the dose.

The nurse is giving intravenous nitroglycerin to a patient who has just been admitted because of an acute myocardial infarction. Which statement is true regarding the administration of the intravenous form of this medication?
Choose one answer.

a. Specific nonpolyvinylchloride (non-PVC) plastic intravenous bags and tubing must be used.
b. It is stable for only 24 hours after preparation.
c. It can be given in infusions with other medications.
d. The solution will be slightly colored green or blue.

a. Specific nonpolyvinylchloride (non-PVC) plastic intravenous bags and tubing must be used.

When a patient is taking cisplatin (Platinol AQ) chemotherapy, for which effects will the nurse monitor?
Choose one answer.

a. Tinnitus and hearing loss
b. An increase in low-density lipoprotein (LDL) levels
c. Cardiac toxicity
d. Elevated glucose and ketone levels

a. Tinnitus and hearing loss

The nurse knows that an antitussive drug would be most appropriate for which patient?
Choose one answer.

a. A patient with pneumonia who has a productive cough
b. A patient who has a tracheostomy and thick mucus secretions
c. A patient who has had a productive cough for 2 weeks
d. A patient who has developed bronchitis 2 days after hernia repair surgery

d. A patient who has developed bronchitis 2 days after hernia repair surgery

A patient has an order for the monoclonal antibody adalimumab (Humira). The nurse notes that the patient does not have a history of cancer. What is another possible reason for administering this drug?
Choose one answer.

a. Severe anemia
b. Rheumatoid arthritis
c. Hypothyroidism
d. Osteoporosis

b. Rheumatoid arthritis

A patient with severe liver disease is receiving the angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitor, captopril (Capoten). The nurse is aware that the advantage of this drug for this patient is that captopril
Choose one answer.

a. is a prodrug and is metabolized by the liver before becoming active.
b. is not a prodrug and does not need to be metabolized by the liver before becoming active.
c. rarely causes first-dose hypotensive effects.
d. has little effect on electrolyte levels.

b. is not a prodrug and does not need to be metabolized by the liver before becoming active.

During a routine checkup, a patient states that she is unable to take the prescribed antihistamine because of one of its most common adverse effects. The nurse suspects that which adverse effect has been bothering this patient?
Choose one answer.

a. Diarrhea
b. Urticaria
c. Drowsiness
d. Decreased libido

c. Drowsiness

A patient arrives in the emergency department with severe chest pain. She says she has had pain off and on for a week now. Which assessment finding would indicate the need for cautious use of nitrates and nitrites?
Choose one answer.

a. Blood pressure of 98/68 mm Hg
b. History of liver disease
c. History of heart failure
d. History of a myocardial infarction 2 years ago

a. Blood pressure of 98/68 mm Hg

A patient is receiving a third session of chemotherapy with daunorubicin (Adriamycin). The nurse will assess the patient for which signs of a potential severe toxic effect of this drug?
Choose one answer.

a. A weight gain of 2 pounds or more in 24 hours
b. Decreased blood urea nitrogen and creatinine levels
c. Tinnitus and hearing loss
d. Increasing dyspnea

a. A weight gain of 2 pounds or more in 24 hours

During a patient's therapy with interleukins, the nurse monitors the patient for capillary leak syndrome. Which assessment finding would indicate this problem?
Choose one answer.

a. Decreased renal output
b. Wheezing and a dry cough
c. Bruising on the skin
d. Severe peripheral edema

d. Severe peripheral edema

Just before the second course of chemotherapy, the lab calls to report that a patient's absolute neutrophil count is 600 cells/mm3. The nurse expects that the oncologist will follow which course of treatment?
Choose one answer.

a. Chemotherapy will continue as scheduled.
b. Chemotherapy will resume with a lowered dosage.
c. Chemotherapy will be withheld until the neutrophil count returns toward normal levels.
d. Chemotherapy will resume after a transfusion of neutrophils.

c. Chemotherapy will be withheld until the neutrophil count returns toward normal levels.

The nurse is conducting a class on potential bioterrorism agents, and a participant asks, "Which one has three routes of exposure to humans?" Which agent will the nurse indicate?
Choose one answer.

a. Anthrax
b. Smallpox
c. Botulism
d. Tularemia

a. Anthrax

A patient who has received chemotherapy has a critically low platelet count. Which drug may be used to stimulate platelet cell production?
Choose one answer.

a. filgrastim (Neupogen)
b. interferons
c. oprelvekin (Neumega)
d. epoetin alfa (Epogen)

c. oprelvekin (Neumega)

A patient has prescriptions for two inhalers. One inhaler is a bronchodilator, and the other is a corticosteroid. Which instruction regarding these inhalers should the nurse give to the patient?
Choose one answer.

a. "The corticosteroid should be taken first."
b. "The bronchodilator should be taken first."
c. "The two drugs should be taken at least 2 hours apart."
d. "The order of administration does not matter with these two drugs."

b. "The bronchodilator should be taken first."

A patient is receiving methotrexate and is experiencing severe bone marrow suppression. The nurse will expect which intervention to be ordered with this drug to reduce this problem?
Choose one answer.

a. A transfusion of whole blood
b. leucovorin rescue
c. filgrastim (Neupogen) therapy
d. epoetin alfa (Epogen) therapy

b. leucovorin rescue

When administering topical nitroglycerin ointment, the nurse should use which technique?
Choose one answer.

a. The ointment should be applied on the chest over the heart.
b. The ointment should be used only in the case of a mild angina episode.
c. The old ointment should be removed before new ointment is applied.
d. The ointment should be massaged gently into the skin, then covered with plastic wrap.

c. The old ointment should be removed before new ointment is applied.

The nurse is reviewing principles of immunity. What type of immunity occurs when the body is exposed to a relatively harmless form of an antigen, which imprints this information on the body's memory bank and stimulates the body's defenses to resist any subsequent exposures?
Choose one answer.

a. Artificial active immunity
b. Attenuating immunity
c. Naturally acquired passive immunity
d. Artificially acquired passive immunity

a. Artificial active immunity

While assessing a patient who is receiving intravenous digitalis, the nurse recognizes that the drug has a negative chronotropic effect. How would this drug effect be evident in the patient?
Choose one answer.

a. Increased heart rate
b. Decreased heart rate
c. Decreased conduction
d. Increased ectopic beats

b. Decreased heart rate

A patient is receiving her third course of 5-fluorouracil therapy and knows that stomatitis is a potential adverse effect of antineoplastic therapy. What will the nurse teach her about this problem?
Choose one answer.

a. Aspirin should be taken to prevent the development of stomatitis.
b. She should watch for and report black, tarry stools immediately.
c. She should increase her intake of foods containing fiber and citric acid.
d. She should examine her mouth daily for bleeding, painful areas and ulcerations.

d. She should examine her mouth daily for bleeding, painful areas and ulcerations.

The physician has ordered the adrenergic drug doxazosin (Cardura) for a patient. When providing education about this drug, the nurse should include which instructions?
Choose one answer.

a. The patient should weigh herself daily and report any weight loss to the physician.
b. The patient should increase her potassium intake by eating more bananas and apricots.
c. The impaired taste associated with the medication usually goes away in 2 to 3 weeks.
d. The patient should take her first dose while lying down because there is a first-dose hypertensive effect.

d. The patient should take her first dose while lying down because there is a first-dose hypertensive effect.

A calcium channel blocker (CCB) is prescribed for a patient, and the nurse provides instructions to the patient about the medication. What does the nurse tell the patient?
Choose one answer.

a. The tablet should be chewed for faster release of the medication.
b. To increase the effect of the drug, take it with grapefruit juice.
c. If the adverse effects of chest pain, fainting, or dyspnea occur, discontinue the medication immediately.
d. A high-fiber diet with plenty of fluids will help prevent the constipation that may occur.

d. A high-fiber diet with plenty of fluids will help prevent the constipation that may occur.

One patient has cancer of the bone; another has cancer in the connective tissues of his leg muscles; a third patient has cancer in her vascular tissues. These patients have in common a type of tumor referred to as a
Choose one answer.

a. sarcoma.
b. leukemia.
c. carcinoma.
d. lymphoma.

a. sarcoma.

When evaluating a patient's use of a metered dose inhaler, the nurse notes that the patient is unable to coordinate the activation of the inhaler with her breathing. What intervention would be most appropriate at this time?
Choose one answer.

a. Notify the doctor that the patient is unable to use the inhaler.
b. Obtain an order for a peak flow meter.
c. Obtain an order for a spacer device.
d. Ask the physician if the medication can be given orally.

c. Obtain an order for a spacer device.

A patient is taking procainamide for cardiac dysrhythmia. The nurse will monitor the patient for which possible adverse effect?
Choose one answer.

a. Tinnitus
b. Shortened QT interval
c. Constipation
d. Nausea and diarrhea

b. Shortened QT interval

When applying transdermal nitroglycerin patches, how will the nurse instruct the patient?
Choose one answer.

a. "Use any nonhairy area on the body."
b. "Use only the chest area for application sites."
c. "Temporarily remove the patch if you go swimming."
d. "Apply the patch to the same site consistently."

a. "Use any nonhairy area on the body."

A patient is in an urgent-care center with an acute asthma attack. The nurse expects that which medication will be used for initial treatment?
Choose one answer.

a. An anticholinergic such as ipratropium (Atrovent)
b. A leukotriene receptor antagonist such as montelukast (Singulair)
c. A beta2 agonist such as albuterol (Proventil)
d. A corticosteroid such as fluticasone (Flovent)

c. A beta2 agonist such as albuterol (Proventil)

The nurse needs to administer adenosine (Adenocard) to a patient who is experiencing an acute episode of paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardia. When giving this medication, which is important to remember?
Choose one answer.

a. The onset of action occurs in 5 minutes.
b. The medication must be given as a slow intravenous (IV) push.
c. Asystole may occur for a few seconds after administration.
d. The medication has a long half-life, and therefore duration of action is very long.

c. Asystole may occur for a few seconds after administration.

When administering chemotherapy for treatment of cancer, the nurse implements which intervention that treats or even prevents chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting?
Choose one answer.

a. Telling the patient to avoid caffeine while on chemotherapy
b. Giving an antiemetic when the chemotherapy is started
c. Giving an antiemetic 30 to 60 minutes before the chemotherapy is started.
d. Increasing mobility before and during chemotherapy

c. Giving an antiemetic 30 to 60 minutes before the chemotherapy is started.

When counseling a male patient about the possible adverse effects of antihypertensive drugs, the nurse should discuss which potential problem?
Choose one answer.

a. Impotence
b. Bradycardia
c. Increased libido
d. Increased weight

a. Impotence

When reviewing the list of medications taken by a patient who will be receiving a new prescription for digoxin, the nurse would be concerned about which medication that may interact with the digoxin?
Choose one answer.

a. aspirin
b. acetaminophen (Tylenol)
c. furosemide (Lasix)
d. vitamin K

c. furosemide (Lasix)

When administering cyclosporine, the nurse notes that allopurinol has also been ordered. The nurse is aware that the rationale for the allopurinol order in this situation is to
Choose one answer.

a. decrease the adverse effects of the cyclosporine.
b. enhance the action of the cyclosporine.
c. reduce the patient's uric acid levels.
d. reduce the joint pain caused by the cyclosporine.

b. enhance the action of the cyclosporine.

A patient is in the urgent care center after experiencing a black widow spider bite. The nurse expects which to be used to treat this injury?
Choose one answer.

a. Live vaccine
b. Antivenin or antisera
c. Tetanus immune globulin
d. Active immunizing drug

b. Antivenin or antisera

A patient has a new order for an ipratropium (Atrovent) inhaler, an anticholinergic drug. The nurse knows to assess for an allergy to which food before giving this drug?
Choose one answer.

a. Shellfish
b. Wheat
c. Peanuts
d. Eggs

c. Peanuts

The nurse is reviewing the classes of antidysrhythmic drugs. Amiodarone (Cordarone) is classified on the Vaughan Williams classification as a class III drug, which means it works by
Choose one answer.

a. blocking slow calcium channels.
b. prolonging action potential duration.
c. blocking sodium channels and affecting phase 0.
d. decreasing spontaneous depolarization and affecting phase 4.

b. prolonging action potential duration.

Before an injection of monoclonal antibodies is given, the nurse will prepare to administer which additional drug to minimize adverse reactions to the monoclonal antibodies?
Choose one answer.

a. An NSAID
b. Acetaminophen
c. An opioid pain reliever
d. Methylprednisolone sodium succinate

d. Methylprednisolone sodium succinate

A gardener needs a decongestant because of seasonal allergy problems and asks the nurse whether he should take an oral form or a nasal spray. The nurse's answer considers that one benefit of orally administered decongestants is
Choose one answer.

a. immediate onset.
b. a more potent effect.
c. a rare occurrence of rebound congestion.
d. reduced adverse effects of restlessness and nervousness.

c. a rare occurrence of rebound congestion.

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