The formal process of making a police record of the arrest.
In a felony case, they do not enter a plea until a later stage in the criminal process.
An arrested person can usually be released after putting up an amount of money.
The defendant must promise to return and must be considered a low risk of failing to show up for trial.
Details the nature and circumstances of the charge.
Used to determine if there is enough evidence to require the defendant to stand trial in a felony case.
A group of 16-23 people charged with determining whether there is sufficient cause to believe that a person has committed a crime and should be made to stand trial.
Formal charge of criminal action.
A plea in which the defendant does not admit guilt but also does not contest the charge, equivalent to pleading guilty.
A motion is a formal request that a court make a ruling or take some other action.
Motion for Discovery of Evidence
A request by the defendant to examine, before trial, certain evidence in the possession of the prosecutor.
Motion for a Continuance
Seeks more time to prepare case.
Motion for Change of Venue
Change the location of the trial to avoid community hostility, for the convenience of witnesses, or for other reasons.
Motion to Suppress Evidence
Request certain evidence not be allowed to be presented.
Any evidence illegally seized by law enforcement officials cannot be used to convict the accused at trial.
Idea that courts should not be parties to lawbreaking by the police.
Police will be less likely to violate a citizen's rights if they know that illegally seized evidence will be thrown out of court.
Negotiation among the accused, the defense attorney, and the prosecutor.
Court order requiring a witness to appear in court to testify.
A device an attorney can use a limited number of times in asking the court to exclude a juror w/out a reason.
Case heard by a judge.
A witness cannot be prosecuted based on any information provided in a testimony.
An order from a higher court to either a lower court of to a government official.
"To produce the body."
Sentence is given but does not have to be served at the time it is imposed.
The defendant is released to the supervision of a probation officer after agreeing to follow certain conditions.
The defendant is sentenced to serve the term at home and can only leave for essential purposes and sometimes are electronic monitored.
The defendant must pay the government.
The defendant is required to pay back or make up for whatever loss or injury was caused to the victim.
The defendant is allowed to work in the community but is required to return to prison at night or on the weekends.
The defendant is sentenced to a term in jail or prison.
A description of the offense, defendant's past criminal record, and a recommendation as to sentence.
Idea of "An eye for an eye."
Helping convicted persons change their behavior so that they can lead useful and productive lives after release.
Criminal is physically separated from the community and the community will thus be protected.
The release of a convicted person from prison before his or her entire sentence has been served.
Also known as the death penalty.
Factors that tend to make the crime severe.
Factors that tend to make the crime LESS severe.
Striking of the body.
Have committed acts that would be crimes if committed by adults.
Have committed acts that would NOT be crimes if committed by adults.
Parental Responsibility Laws
Parents should be held responsible for crimes committed by their children.
The informal process by which court officials or social workers decide if a complaint against a juvenile should be referred to juvenile court.
Juvenile is better off in detention than his/her home.
Determine the facts of the case.
Supervision by a parole officer after the release from an institution.