takes place when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody
is a court commanding that the person named in it be taken into custody
to arrest means having a reasonable belief that a specific person has committed a crime
drug courier profile
used to provide a basis to stop and question a person or to help establish probable cause for arrest.
confirm the informant's tip with other information
to believe the individual is involved in criminal activity
stop and frisk
to remove any weapons the person may be carrying if they are suspected that the person is armed and dangerous
does not mean that the defendant cannot be tried or convicted, but it does mean that evidence seized in a unlawful search cannot be used at trial
latin term, meaning in good faith of fraud or deceit , valid under or in compliance with law
a sworn statement of facts and circumstances that provides the probable cause to believe that a search is justified.
a object that is in plain sight does not need warrant to seize the evidence.(illegal items)
racially baised policing, can be defined as the inappropriate use of race as a factor in identifiying people who may break or have broken the law.
after an arrest is made, its standard police practice to question the accused
giving evidence and answering questions that would tend to subject one to criminal prosecution
is formal process of making a police record of the arrest
the defendant is informed of the charges and advised of his or her rights, as in misdemeanor cases, but does not enter a plea until later stage in criminal process.
amount of money to be released
or personal bond, the defendant must promise to return and be considered a low risk of failing to show up for trial.
a defendant will proceed to trial for a misdemeanor based on prosector, which details the nature and circumstance of the charge
is a screening device used in more than half of states. it is used in felony cases to determine if theres enough evidence to require the defendant to stand up trial.
is a group of 16 to 23 people charged with determining whether theres is sufficient cause to believe that a person has committed a crime and should be made to stand trial.
a grand jury formal charge or accustion of criminal action
is a plea in which the defendant does not admit guilt but also does not contest the charges
a document by which a party ask the judge to make a decision or take some action before the trial begins
motion for discovery of evidence
this is a request by the defendant to examine, before trial , certain evidence in the possession of the prosecutor
motion for a continuance
this request seeks more time to prepare the case
motion for change of venue
this is a request to change the location of trial to avoid community hostility, for the convenience of witnesses, or for other reasons
motion to suppress evidence
this is the most important and controversial pretrial motion, its request that certain evidence not be allowed to be presented.
is the idea that courts should not be parties to lawbreaking by the police
means that police will be less likely to violate a citizen's rights if they know that illegally sized evidence will be thrown out of court.
it involves granting certain concessions to the defendant in exchange for a plea of guilty.