his operas must be understood in the light of his family and political views. public used his name as a symbol and he became a senator
wrote in a recognizably Romantic melodic and harmonic style but without making an abrupt break from his stylistic heritage
Sir Walter Scott
writer who's works were used in operas; Lucia di Lammermoor came from The Bride from Lammermoor
librettist who developed the style of grand opera - elaborate sets, costumes and special stage effects. very long (4-5 acts) and occupy historical subjects of heroic or epic character with tragic outcomes
Berlioz's orchestration manual (1843)
Neue Zeitschrift fur Musik
the New Music Journal the Schumann founded
sought to change literature in his famous preface to his 1827 play Cornwell
Schumann's invented league that would combat the Philistines of which two members represented the sentimental aspects of his own personality
his operas: tendency for melody to proceed in a stepwise motion, a lot of ornamentation and considerable rubato
term used to distinguish opera comique and its spoken dialogue and opera that was sung throughout; presented striking experiences - the exotic, violent passions, and supernatural events.
a German who had learned opera in Italy and brought the genre to its culmination with librettos provided by Scribe
whose technical virtuosity and striking, emaciated and exotic appearance combined with a sense of demonic possession in his playing to make him immensely effective on the stage
first musician to regularly perform recitals in which he appeared as the sole performer; orchestral transcriptions
as a romantic he naturally maintained patriotic feelings for his homeland, and he transfigured its native dances, the mazurka and polonaise in stylized piano settings. performed in salons (with professionals). music: performer will hold the accompaniments rhythmically steady while the melodic line falls behind and catches up.
Chopin's stormy love affair
Felix Mendelssohn's older sister composed. Matured as a musician in her mother's salon in Berlin, performed and directed music there, and composed piano pieces and fine songs, as well as larger instrumental and choral works.
pieces addressed to children and students; not intended for recital stages but for the home and family
Mendelssohn's established genre with his overture to a midsummer night's dream, op. 21. provides the best model for a one-movement orchestral composition with definite literary content
a multimovement orchestral work with explicit indications of emotional content. ex: Beethoven's Pastoral Symphony
produced a number of program symphonies; most famous - symphonie fantastique, representing the frustrated love and death of a romantic musician and partially inspired by autobiographical circumstances.
word for obsession
bowing technique used with the wood of the bow
a term used to describe a Romantic literary shape rather than a conventional symphonic design.
"Bach society" that published edited, complete collections
book Uber die Reinheit der Tonkunst (on the purity of music, 1825) laid out the virtues of the study of early music for the improvement of the art generally