An alternative versioin of a gene located on a specific part of chromosome that determines a specific trait that can be passed on from parent to offspring.
The phenotype is a combinatioin of the two different alleles (i.e A red flower crossed with a white flower produces a pink flower)
The phenotype is an expression of both alleles (i.e A red flower crossed with a white flower prodcues a red AND white flower)
Large molecules inside the nucleus of living cells that carry genetic information.
Fundamental concept of heredity that each organism has characteristics that are encoded in its genes and passed on from one generation to the next.
The passing of traits to offspring. This is the process by which an offspring cell or organism aquires the characteristics of its parent call or organsim.
A segment of inheritance information that, taken as a whole, specific a trait. In common language the term "gene" sometimes refers to the scientific concept of an allele.
Genetic information (DNA sequence)
A set of instructions coded in DNA molecules that specifies the traits of an organism.
A measure of the tendency of individual genotypes in a population to vary from one to another.
The property of a gene (or allele) when it supresses the expression, or dominates the effects, of the recessive gene (or allele).
A gene (or allele) whose phenotype expression is masked by a dominant gene (or allele).
Having two identical alleles that code for the same trait.
Having two different alleles that code for the same trait (hybrid).
The entire set of genes in an organism
The expression of a particular trait, for example, skin color, height, behavior, etc., according to the individual's genetic makeup and environment
A tool (table) used by geneticists to predict the probability of offspring's traits
a punnet square with 16 boxes showing the prediction of genetic recombination
The first set of purebred (not a mudblood) parents in a genetic cross
A cross between hybrid offspring (mudbloods) from the parental generation
The resultant offspring from the F1 cross (children of mudblood mating)