Chapter 24 South Africa

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What was apartheid?

a system that limited black rights and made it illegal for different races to mix

What are "Afrikaners?"

the dutch farmers that became known as Boers that spoke Afrikaans and later became known as the Afrikaners

South Africa is the world's largest producer of?

Gold

Who was Nelson Mandela? How long was he in prison?

he was the first black president of S. Africa
he was also one of the persons that stood up against Apartheid
27 years

Which two countries are enclaves in Southern Africa?

Lesotho and Swaziland

What instrument is used to communicate?

The Talking Drum

What is significant about Zimbabwe current leader?

Their President Mugabe was voted worst dictator by Parade magazine in 2009

What percent of the population has HIV/AIDS?

34%

What did the British name Zimbabwe?

Rhodesia

Why is land being redistributed?

Land is being redistributed because centuries ago the Africans owned the land and the Europeans took it from them so the Africans want it back now from the Europeans ancestors that own it now but this is starting problems

75% of Botswana`s income is from?

diamonds

Who did they gain Namibia independence from? When did they gain independence?

gained independence from South Africa in 1990

Why do many tourists visit Namibia?

to sand board on huge dunes

What is Botswana official language? What is the most common language (besides the official)?

Official Language is English
Most common is Setswana

Which natural disaster often kills many in Mozambique?

Cyclones

What letter is Mozambique shaped like?

Y shaped

What is Mozambique official language?

Portuguese

Madagascar produces the most what in the world?

Vanilla Beans

How has slash-and-burn farming affected Madagascar?

its affected by 80% of the island has been slashed and burned

What is Madagascar's main cash crop?

coffee

What is significant about the plants and animals in Madagascar?

has many plants and animals found nowhere else in the world

Most people on Comoros work as?

Farmers

What are Seychelles main cash crops?

Coconuts and Cinnamon

Most people in Mauritius are from which ethnic group?

Indians

Which country is made up of 86 islands?

Seychelles

Pans

low, flat areas; glitter when water evaporates

Escarpment

steep face at the edge of a plateau

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