Pángbiān - beside
yídìng - certainly; surely
kǎo shì - to take a test
bùdǒng - don't understand
Xiǎo zhèn - small town
tū rán sudden / abrupt / unexpected
diàn shàn - electric fan
jì xù to continue / to proceed with / to go on with
qǐchuáng - to get up, to get out of bed
xǐng lái - wake up
rù shuì - to fall asleep
sī xiǎng thought / thinking / idea
xiāng fǎn - opposite / contrary
chóng bài adore / worship
yǐhòu - after
Sān gè zhōngtóu yǐhòu, qǐng zài zhè děng hào hào wǒ - Wait for me here in three hours
dǎ diàn huà － to make a telephone call
Zuótiān wǒ gěi tā dǎle yīgè diànhuà - Yesterday, I gave him a call
jiè - borrow, lend
Wǒ gēn tā jièle yīqiān kuài qián - I borrowed a thousand dollars from him
He lent me his pen
Zhè zhī bǐ shì tā wǒ de - 這枝筆是他我的
yǐ qián - before / formerly / previous
Yī qián tā bù huì zuò cài - He did not know anything about cooking before
dàgài - probably
Tā dàgài yǐjīng láile - He probably came already.
máfan - troublesome
Xiě zhōngwén zì zhēn máfan - Writing Chinese characters is very troublesome
Wǒ bù xǐhuan máfan biérén - I don't like to bother other people
Jīntiān wǒ juéde hěn fán - I feel annoyed today
Bié fān wǒ - Don't bother me. / Leave me alone.
Yǒu shíhou kàn bù dǒng yīngwén lùbiāo hái hǎo yǒu zhòng wén lùbiāo - Sometimes, I can't read English road signs. Fortunately, I can read the Chinese.
lùbiāo - road sign
Nǐ xǐhuan dúzì yīrén ma? - Do you like to be alone?
dúzì - alone
Nǐ néng gàosu wǒ dào yīyuàn de fāngxiàng ma? - can you show me the direction to the hospital?
fāng xiàng - direction
rěn nài - patient / patience
nài xīn patient (adjective)
Wǒ xūyào fēicháng yǒu nàixīn - I need to be very patient.
zŏngshì - always, invariable
Wǒ zǒng shì xǐhuan chī tián de shíwù - I always like to eat sweet food
gàosu - to tell
Wǒ yǐjīng gàosu lǎoshī, wǒ míngtiān bùnéng láile - I already told the teacher I can't come tomorrow.
guò - a suffix indicating completion of an action, or completion of an action as an experience
Wǒ méi qùguò déguó - I've never been to Germany
Tā bù jìde wǒ - He doesn't remember me
zhōng xué- middle school
yòu － again (in the past)
Tā yòu shēngbìngle - He is sick again
Wǒ bù rènshi nà gèrén - I don't recognize that person
rènshi - to be acquainted with; to recognize
cì - measure word for action or affair's time
Zhè shì wǒ dì èr cì lái fàguó - This is the second time I've come to France
Tā běnlái bu huì kāichē, xiān zài huì kāi le - Originally, he didn't know how to drive, but now he does
hòulái - later
Tā shuō tā běnlái jìde, kěshì hòulái wàngle - He said that originally he remembered it, but later on forgot it.
kǒngpà • to be afraid that; perhaps
Kǒngpà xiàwǔ huì xià yǔ - I am afraid that it will rain this afternoon.
pà to be afraid / to fear
juédìng - to decide
I decided that I will go to America to study next year.
jiē - to meet, to pick (someone) up
Méiyǒu rén jiē diànhuà, dàgài tāmen dōu bù zàijiā - No one answered the phone, probably they are not at home
jiàn miàn - meet; see
Wǒ gēn tā chángjiàn miàn - I often meet with him.
liú leave (message) / to retain / to stay / to remain / to keep / to preserve
zì tiáo－a note
hàomǎ - number
Please tell me your phone number - Qǐng gàosu wǒ nǐ de diànhuà hàomǎ
cóngqián - before; formerly; in the past
Cóngqián zhèlǐ de dàlóu bù duō - In the past, there were not many buildings here.
xǐ to wash / to bathe / to launder
Wǒ juéde xǐ yīfú zhēn máfan - I think that washing clothes is really troublesome.
shǒu - hand
gāoxìng - happy
Jīntiān nǐ wèishéme tèbié gāoxìng? - Why are you so happy today?
tóu -first , top ,head; boss
這是我頭一次學外文 - This is my first time to learn a foreign language
Yìdàlì - Italy
mail carrier, postman