a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
English philosopher who believed that scientists should use observation and experimentation not ancient knowledge; introduced the scientific method
Publicized Copernicus's findings; used the telescope to study moon and planets; added discoveries concerning the laws of gravity; angered those in the Catholic church
started the Protestant Reformation in 1517 with the 95 theses; emphasized importance of faith over works stressed in Catholic church;
powerful military lord in feudal Japan
military ruler of feudal Japan
language spread by Muslim traders along the trans-Saharan caravan trade
A series of holy wars from 1096-1270 AD undertaken by European Christians to free the Holy Land from Muslim rule.
country that created inventions in the areas of woodblock printing, agriculture, gunpowder, the compass, and ceramics
belief in one god, originated with Muslims and basis of Judaism and Christianity
Founder of Islam, considered the greatest prophet in Islam
created the theory that the earth orbits the sun
Italian astronomer and mathematician who was the first to use a telescope to study the stars.
Leonardo da Vinci
A well known Italian Renaissance artist, architect, musician, mathemetician, engineer, and scientist. Known for the Mona Lisa.
the whole body of the Jewish sacred writings and tradition including the oral tradition
the basis of the Spanish, Portugese, French and other languages
A political system in which nobles are granted the use of lands that legally belong to their king, in exchange for their loyalty, military service, and protection of the people who live on the land
Artificial channels that were constructed to move water from one location to another.
The teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct, wisdom, and meditation releases one from desire, suffering, and rebirth.
In the Zhou Dynasty, a Chinese philosopher and teacher who taught respect for family and elders and proper behavior in society.
First female pharaoh who expanded Egypt through trade
a political system governed by a few people
Alexander the Great
Greek military leader whose armies conquered vast amounts of land, ruler of 1st great European Empire of the ancient world
A religion and philosophy developed in ancient India, characterized by a belief in reincarnation and a supreme being who takes many forms
This document was signed by King John in 1215. It was the first document that limited the power of the government.
Catholic (counter) Reformation
The movement in the 16th century within the Catholic church to reform itself as a result of the Protestant Reformation.
One of the enduring contributions of Ancient Rome was a system of law that protected the rights of all people in the Empire. Most important principles- All people to have equal treatment under the law;
Also called the Black Death was a deadly disease that spread through Europe and killed one out of every three people
invented a calendar by observing the sun and the number of days the earth needed to rotate around it
Spanish explorer and conquistador who led the conquest of Aztec Mexico in 1519-1521 for Spain.