an idea disassociated from any specific instance; expresses a quality apart from an object
a story in poetry or prose in which characters, actions, or settings represent abstract ideas or moral quali¬ties; it has two meanings, one literal and one symbolic
a reference to a mythological, literary, or historical person, place, or thing that a writer expects a reader to recognize.
the expression of an idea in language that suggests more than one, sometimes conflicting, meaning
figure of repetition that occurs when the last word, phrase or clause in one sentence, clause, or phrase is/are repeated at or very near the beginning of the next sentence, clause, or phrase
the repetition of a word or phrase at the beginning of successive phrases, clauses or lines.
transposition of normal word order; most often found in Latin in the case of prepositions and the words they control.
Adding a concluding sentence that diminishes the effect of what has been said previously. The opposite of epitasis.
action which occurs before the drama begins and revealed through the exposition or the dialogue of the characters
a direct juxtaposition of structurally parallel words, phrases, or clauses for the purpose of contrast
expression of doubt (often feigned) by which a speaker appears uncertain as to what he should think, say, or do.
breaking off suddenly in the middle of speaking, usually to portray being overcome with emotion.
a form of personification in which the absent or dead are spoken to as if present and the inanimate, as if animate. These are all addressed directly.
a comment by a character in a drama which is supposed to be audible only to the audience, not to other players
part of your rhetorical situation (speaker, subject, audience); the person or persons to whom comments are directed
this genre of literature denotes the story of a single individual's growth and development within the context of a defined social order.
a cleansing of the spirit of the spectator at the tragedy through experiencing the emotions of pity and terror
A verbal pattern in which the second half of an expression is balanced against the first but with the parts reversed.
use of slang or informalities in speech or writing; give work a conversational, familiar tone; can include local or regional dialects
opposite of abstract; identifies things perceived through the senses (touch, smell, sight, hearing, and taste), such as soft, stench, red, loud, or bitter.
the implied meaning of a word; all the meanings, associations, or emotions that a word suggests
the repetition of a consonant sound within a series of words to produce a harmonious effect