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Test 1 (part of it)

Description involves ________ a person's behavior.

observing

The main disadvantage of the case study method is that researchers

cannot really apply the results to other similar people.

Natalie sees a beautiful flower, so she walks over to touch and smell it. She is using the

somatic nervous system

What is the main advantage of laboratory observation?

the degree of control it gives the researcher

In 1879, in Leipzig, Germany, the first psychological laboratory was overseen by ______________.

Wilhelm Wundt

When a person is hurt, ________ are released.

endorphins

How our minds help us adapt to the world around us was a primary question addressed by which early movement of psychology?

Functionalism

Neurons have _____which receive input, _____ which are cell bodies, and _____ which carry the neural message to other cells.

dendrites; somas; axons

Eating, drinking, sexual behavior, sleeping, and temperature control are most strongly influenced by the ______.

hypothalamus

Which part of the body is most likely to shut down in times of extreme stress?

digestive system

Phineas Gage lacked _______ because of the damage to his prefrontal cortex.

emotional control

Warren is having trouble deciding what he wants to eat for breakfast. Which lobe of his brain is especially active as he makes his selection?

frontal

Which area of the brain influences sleep and dreaming?

pons

As Molly is walking across campus, a car swerves toward her. Her heart races and sweat breaks out as she jumps out of harm's way. This mobilization of energy is due to the action of Molly's ______________.

sympathetic nervous system

Sara has been experiencing a serious memory problem. An interdisciplinary team has ruled out a range of causes and believes that a neurotransmitter is involved. Which neurotransmitter is most likely involved in this problem?

acetylcholine

Which research method will allow researchers to determine the cause of a behavior?

experiment

The cognitive perspective focuses on

memory, intelligence, perception, problem solving, and learning.

Tom didn't realize the grill was on and he touched a hot part. He quickly pulled his hand away from the grill because of

the reflex arc

How does humanism differ from psychodynamic theory and behaviorism?

Humanism focuses on people's ability to direct their own lives.

If a researcher finds that people's shoe sizes increase as their height increases, then shoe size and height have a(n)

quasi-experimental design.

Bundles of myelin-coated axons travel together in "cables" called

Nerves

Mei was sent to the school psychologist to be tested. Based on her IQ scores it was decided that she would do well in the gifted child program. This is an example of which goal of psychology?

predicting behavior

________ refers to the tendency of observers to see what they expect to see.

Observer bias

What is a primary role of the adrenal glands?

secreting hormones in response to stress

The belief that the unconscious mind has an influence on one's behavior is part of what early field of psychology?

psychoanalysis

If there is _________ in a medical experiment, the control group will show changes in the dependent variable even if they are given a harmless substitute rather than a real drug.

a placebo effect

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