Judgments about what caused a person's behavior-- either characteristics of the person or of the situation
Big Five Personality Factors
Dimensions that describe an individual's extroversion, agreeableness, conscientiousness, emotional stability, and openness to experience.
A mental state that arises spontaneously rather than through conscious effort and is oftern accompanied by physiological changes
Fundamental Attribution Error
The tendency to underestimate the influence of external factors on anothers behavior and to overestimate the influence of internal factors.
A type of rating error that occurs when an employee receives the same rating on all dimensions regardless of his or her performance on individual ones.
Locus of Control
The tendency to place the primary responsibility for one's success or failure either within oneself (internally) or on outside forces (externally).
The tendency to direct much of one's behavior toward the acquisition of power and the manipulation of other people personal gain.
Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI)
Personality test that measures a peron's preference for introversion vs. extroversion, sensation vs. intuition, thinking vs. feeling, and judging vs perceiving.
An interdisciplinary field dedicated to the study of how individuals and groups tend to act in organizations.
Work behavior that goes beyound job requirements and contributes as needed to the organization's success.
The cognitive process people use to make sense out of the environment by selecting, organizing, and interpreting information.
The tendency of perceivers to protect themselves by disregarding ideas, objects, or people that are threatening to them
Errors in perceptual judgment that arise from inaccuracies in any part of the perceptual process.
The process by which individuals screen and select the various stimuli that vie for their attention.
The extent to which a peron's ability and personality match the requirements of a job.
The set of characterstics that underlie a relatively stable pattern of behavior in response to ideas, objects, or people in the environment.
An individual's strong belief that he or she can successfully accomplish a specific task or outcome.
The tendency to overestimate the contribution of internal factors to one's successes and the contribuition of external factors to one's failures.
The tendency to assign an individual to a group or broad category and then attribute generalizations about the group to the individual.
A physiological and emotional response to stimuli that place physical or psychological demands on an individual.
Type A Behavior
Behavior pattern characterized by extreme competitiveness, impatience, aggressiveness, and devotion to work.