drop cattle from grazing lands on the Great plains to railheads to be shipped east.
Homestead Act of 1862
granted 160 acres of almost free land to the head of household for farming in the West.
because of their contributions to successful settlement of the West, many Western territories and states granted the right to vote
attracted migrants to the west
Chief joseph of Nez Perce and Sitting Bull of Sioux
led their people in resisting forced reloaction onto reservations-Plains
to promote social and education interaction among its members-westerners
was created to promote the economic and political interests of western farmers
Populists party favored
free silver, the issuance of more gold and silver coins to create inflation and increase prices for farm products
The totaly control of an industry by one company
What were immigrants during the 1800s looking for in the US?
worked to fewer hours and more pay for membors in late 19th century
most immigrants from Europe after 1880 arrived here in NYC
Chinese exclusion act
prohibited most chinese immigration. act was passed bcause chinese were willing to work for less pay than US
Mark Twain-the glittering lifestle of the wealthy concealed corruption and greed
Sherman anti-trust act of 1890s
intended to prevent monopolies
Civil Service act (pendleton)
replaced the patronage or spoils systen with the merit system for hiring federal gov employees
most presidents used during Gilded age-limited gov involvement
beliefe in the late 1800s and early 1900s that powerful nations should exercise economic, political, and territorial control over weaker peoples and nations
survival of the fittest, supported american imperialism in the late 1800s and early 1900s
was annexed to the US in 1898 after American residents had overthrown the native ruler and esetablished an independent replublic.
"Spheres of influence"
created by European nations and Japan in China
Roosevelt corollary to the Monroe Doctrine
extended US involvement in Latin America.
that us forieng policy (expansionism) violated basic human rights
The progressive movement
was in response to illegal business practices, worker poverty, and social injustice in the late 1890s.
writers who drew attention to areas in society that needed reform