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primary prevention

health education, protection from disease, maintaining good health

secondary prevention

early Dx and prompt Tx to prevent spreading disease

tertiary prevention

ppl attain and retain optimal level of functioning (best level) , selective placement

purpose of health promotion

help ppl to change their lifestyles and to move toward optimum health

advocate

help pt and family obtain what they are entitled to and to receive appropriate and cost effective care

care manager

find ways to reduce cost and avoid unsafe and ineffective care

consultation

source of knowledge in area of specialization

researcher

use evidence-based practices to enhance quality and value of client care

def of wellness

integration of mind, body, and spirit ; personal choice, loving acceptance of yourself, optimal health and vitality

def of health

state of complete physical, mental and social well-being

four components of Smiths model of health

1. Clinical model: wellness-illness continuum, discipline of medicine, lowest, state of not being sick, narrowest interpretation of health 2. Role performance model: can still meet social/societal expectations (sickness=inability to fulfill ones role) 3. adaptive model: disease= failure in adaption, health= positive, flexible adaption 4. Eduaimonistic model: exuberant well-being, highest level of wellness, actual and realizaiton of persons potential, illness=prevents self-actualizaion

two extremes in health-illness continuum

high level of wellness, death

what is healthy ppl 2010

call to action to set goals for the US for the next 10 yrs, increase span of healthy life, dec health disparities, provide access to preventative services to all

purposes of a genogram

1. depicts each member of family with connections btw generations 2. clues to family health history problems 3. provide health guidance

health promotion

help ppl change their lifestyles and move toward optimal health

illness

imbalanced and insustainable relationship with the environment. state of being. can feel ill without a disease

disease

failure of a person's adaptive mechanism resulting in functional or structural disturbances. recognizable health deviations. can have disease without feeling ill

name 5 stages of the transtheoretical model stages of change (prochaska)

pre-contemplation-information, contemplation-- think about change, preparation-plan to change and attempt new behavior, action (<6mo), maintenance (behavior longer than 6mo)

health education

The process of assisting individuals acting separately or collectively to make informed decisions on matters affecting individuals, families and community health

health teaching

use specific teaching learning strategies from nurse to pt, family or community to increase knowledge of a health condition

health counseling

referring ppl to health edu or information resourses to solve health problems

nursing process steps

assessment, analysis, plan and intervention, evaluation

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