Medical Term Chapter 23

51 terms by taralynn09

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Flattened affect is often associated with schizophrenia.

true

Nyctophobia is an abnormal fear of nicotine addiction.

false

A psychosis is any mental disorder characterized by a loss of contact with reality.

true

Hallucinogens are substances that create perceptual distortions of the mind.

true

Malingering describes an abnormal desire to delay leaving any public arena.

false

Psychology is the study of behavior and the processes of the mind, especially as they relate to the individual's social and physical environment.

true

Rationalization is an effort to overcome, or make up for, real or imagined inadequacies.

false

The process of transferring a feeling or emotion from the original idea or object to a substitute idea or object is known as displacement.

true

Projection is a response to stress in which the individual reverts to an earlier level of development and the comfort measures associated with that level of functioning.

false

Repression is the voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences from one's mind.

false

What is rationalization characterized by?

making excuses for unacceptable feelings

What is an effort to overcome real or imagined inadequacies called?

compensation

Select the term that best describes a state of frenzied excitement.

delirium

Which term describes an involuntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences?

repression

What is reverting to an earlier and more comfortable level of development known as?

regression

Select the term that describes a chronic preoccupation and irrational fear about bodily health.

hypochondriasis

Which term best describes the observable evidence of a person's feelings and emotions?

affect

What is transferring a feeling or emotion from one object to a substitute called?

displacement

What is an abnormal and uncontrolled urge to steal called?

kleptomania

What is transferring unacceptable thoughts or feelings to someone else known as?

projection

Select the term that best describes a fear of spiders.

arachnophobia

What are bipolar disorders also known as?

manic-depressive disorders

What is a fear of enclosed or small spaces called?

claustrophobia

Select the term that best describes the voluntary blocking of unpleasant feelings and experiences.

suppression

What is acrophobia?

fear of high places

A condition of persistent inattention and hyperactivity, impulsivity, or both is known as:

attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder

dementia

coginitive disorder

hypochondriasis

somatoform disorder

major depression

mood disorder

narcissism

personality disorder

obsessive-compulsive

anxiety disorder

passive-aggressiv

personality disorder

phobia

anxiety disorder

posttraumatic stress

Anxiety disorder

psychogenic fugue

dissociative disorder

sadism-masochism

gender idenity disorder

A binge-purge disorder, ____________________ ____________________ is associated with guilt, depression, and shame

bulimia nervosa

____________________ is an uncontrollable urge to set fires

pyromania

The fear of being in a public place, ____________________, is often associated with anxiety disorders or panic attacks.

agoraphobia

A(n) ____________________ is a persistent abnormal belief in something that is evidently not accurate

delusion

Hearing voices is the most common form of ____________________, which are false or unreal sensory perceptions

hallucinations

Dogs and snakes are often associated with ____________________, an irrational fear of animals.

zoophobia

____________________ is a tense and apprehensive state of mind.

anxiety

____________________ are repeated, persistent, and irrational thoughts or impulses.

obsessions

____________________ is the absence or suppression of observable emotion or feeling.

apathy

Defined as a repeated and uncontrollable desire to sleep, ____________________ can occur at any time.

narcolepsy

Nightmares and sleepwalking are examples of ____________________.

parasomnia

____________________ is characterized by an abnormal, uncontrolled, and recurrent urge to steal.

kleptomania

A disorder seen primarily in adolescent girls, characterized by an emotional disturbance concerning body image, prolonged refusal to eat followed by extreme weight loss, amenorrhea, and a lingering abnormal fear of becoming obese is known as ________________ ___________________.

anorexia nervosa

OCD

Obsessive-compulsive disease

ADHD

attention-deficit hyperactivity disorde

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