Medical Terminology Unit 13

115 terms by arendon3

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Respiratory System and Pulmonology

pne/o

breathing

pneum/o

air (lung)

pneumon/o

lung

-pnea

fast/breathing

-ectasia

dilation or expansion

-ectasis

dilation or expansion

myc/o

fungus

nas/o

nose and nasal cavity

pharynx/o

pharynx

laryng/o

larynx

trache/o

trachea

bronch/o

bronchi

alveol/o

alveoli

pleur/o

lung cover

phren/o

diaphragm

ment/o

chin

sinistr/o

left

ad-

toward

dextr/o

right

pod/o

foot

ped/i

foot

-iatrist or -iatric

(noun) (adjective) used to indicate medical professionals or physicians

chir/o

hand

pedi/a

child

ger/i

old age

apnea

absence of breathing

atelectasis

collapsed lung

bradypnea

slow breathing

bronchitis

inflammation of the bronchi

broncholith

bronchial stone

bronchorrhagia

hemorrhage of the bronchi

bronchorrhaphy

suture of the bronchi

bronchorrhaphy

suture of the bronchi

bronchoscopy

examination of the bronchi with a bronchoscope

bronchospasm

uncontrolled contraction of the bronchial muscles

cardiopulmonary

pertaining to heart and lungs

chiroplasty

surgical repair of the hand

chiropractic

practice of using hand for therapeutic spinal and skull manipulation, a philosophy of medicine based on musculoskeletal alignment and holistic health practices

chiropractor

doctor of chiropractic (DC)

dermatomycosis

fungal infection of the skin (mycodermatitis)

dextral

pertaining to the right

dextrocardia

heart displaced to the right

dyspnea

difficulty (painful) breathing

embolus

a moving blood clot (embolism)

endotracheal

inside the trachea

epistaxis

nosebleed

hemoptysis

bloody sputum

fungi

plural of fungus

geriatrics

medical speciality studying aging and related diseases (gerontology)

hyperpnea

increase in depth and rate of breathing

laryngalgia

larynx pain (laryngodynia)

laryngitis

inflammation of the voice box (larynx)

laryngocele

herniation of the larynx

laryngopathy

any disease of the larynx

laryngoscope

an instrument used to examine the larynx

laryngospasm

uncontrolled contraction of the vocal cords

laryngostomy

making a new, permanent opening in the larynx

laryngotomy

making a temporary incision into the larynx

larynx

the voice

manual

pertaining to the fingers

mycoid

resembling a fungus

mycology

the science and study of fungi

nasoantritis

inflammation of the nose and antrum

nasofrontal

pertaining to the nasal and frontal bones

nasolacrimal

pertaining to the nose and lacrimal ducts

nasomental

pertaining to the nose and chin

nasopharyngeal

pertaining to the nasopharynx (nose and pharynx)

nasopharyngitis

inflammation of the nose and pharynx

nasoscope

instrument used to examine the nose

orthopnea

dyspnea when lying down (straight) or any other position other than sitting or standing upright

otorhinolaryngologist

physician specialist in diseases of the ear, nose, and throat

pedal

pertaining to the foot

pedialgia

foot pain (podalgia)

pediatrician

physician specialist in children's diseases and development

pharyngocele

herniation (weakening of the wall) of the throat

pharyngomycosis

fungal infection of the throat

pharyngoplasty

surgical repair of the throat

pharyngoscope

instrument used to examine the throat

pharynx

throat

phrenectomy

excision of part of the phrenic nerve (phrenicectomy)

phrenoplegia

paralysis of the diaphragm

pleural

pertaining to the pleura

pleuralgia

pleural membrane pain

pleurectomy

excision of part of the pleura

pleurisy

inflammation of the pleura (pleuritis)

pleurocentesis

surgical puncture of the pleura to remove fluid

pleurolith

stone in the pleural cavity

pneumohemothroax

air and blood in the thoracic cavity

pneumometer

instrument for measuring air volume

pneumonectomy

excision of the lung

pneumonia

inflammation of the lung

pneumonocentesis

surgical puncture of the lung to remove fluid (pneumocentesis)

pneumonomelanosis

black lung disease

pneumonomycosis

fungal infection of the lung

pneumonopathy

any lung disease

pneumonorrhagia

hemorrhage of the lung

pneumonotomy

incision into the lung

pneumotherapy

treatment using air

pneumothroax

air in the thoracic cavity

podiatrist

specialist in care of conditions of the feet; may also perform surgery of the foot

psychiatrist

physician specialist in mental disorders

ptyalorrhea

flow of saliva

pulmonary

pertaining to the lung (pulmonic)

rhinomycosis

fungal infection in the nose

sinistral

pertaining to the left

tachypnea

fast breathing

trachea

windpipe

trachealgia

tracheal pain

tracheocele

herniation of the tracheal wall

tracheopyosis

condition of pus in the trachea

tracheorrhagia

hemorrhage of the trachea

tracheoscopy

process of inspecting the trachea

tracheostomy

surgical creation of an opening in the trachea

tracheotomy

incision into the trachea

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