World Music Quiz 4

61 terms by lcurtis34 

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calypso

Trinidad music characterized by improvised lyrics on topical and humorous subject matter, on current events scandals, odd fashions, parody, satire repetitive,
syncopation, polyrhythm, breaks TIMBRE

tamboo bamboo

when British began trying to put a stop to Carnival/chaos, and had prohibitions against drumming, decided that drummin wasnt if you were beating or stomping on bamboo tubes
tamboo=drums

steel pan

steel drums used in steel bands made from steel oil drums
symbol of nationalism/independence, national instrument in Trinidad, theme and variations of form

soca

soul calypso made from blending calypso with rock and reggae
a more danceable style with less consequential words
road calypso, faster tempos

guaguanco

lyrics that desribe an event or something that has happened to someone (canto section)
intricate and quick and lively

santeria

african derived animistic belief system found primarily in Cuba and USA, religious
dialect of Yoruba
polyrhythmic, bata drums

clave

rhythm pattern based on african bell patterns in salsa and it is also an instrument when two sticks are beaten together
DENSITY REFERENT

tumbao

basic rhythmic composite and improvisation

yambu

slower paced with sparser percussion, mimes frail old age

danzon

national dance of Cuba in the late 19th century, european harmony with clave
flute/violin/percussion
evolved into cha cha cha,

son cubano

mid to later 19th century adds trumpet clave and maracas
call and response, dianas,

son montuno

20th century extra trumpets piano, bass, tombones, sax
improv, harmonized vocals

bata

sacred drums that need to be consecrated
sanctified drummers initiated, no mistakes

changui

precursor for son
rural parities, not use clave
marimbula, bongo ,tres, guiro

nengon

precursor for changui
ostinato, static, timbre

tres

small guitar with two strings, originated in cuba

mambo

cuban derived latin dances
rumbas exported son

punto

17th century onward, spanish with africanisms
NO CLAVE, guajira

rumba

led to the son
polyrhythmic drums, vocal call and response

colombia

fast 6/8, solo male and acrobatic/competitive, related to abakua

montuno

improv section, open ended jam
call and response

Orisha

santeria starts by addressing:
pantheon of spirits/dieties, each representing an aspect of nature and human experience

marimbula

instrument, lamellophone, basic instuments for changui

diana

opening section includes vocables

lavway

part of Carnival and sung for any outdoor celebration throughout the year
lets go and party before lent!
road march song, catchy melodies, more call and response

tassa

kettle drum in Trinidad

picong

light comical banter, usually at someone else's expense in calypso music
song duels

lord shorty

soca musician

son jalisco

a mix of andalusian gypsy music, mexican indigenous elements and african rhythmic patterns main musical genres of mariachi

mariachi

festive music, European stylesan occasion, setting or group of performers, vihuela, trumpet, guitarron, NO TRES

guitarron

large fretted plucked lute from Mexico similar to the guitar but with a convex resonator

bolero

romance themes, rich harmonies, influenced by afro cuban music

son jarocho

mariachi with frequent subtle shifts of meter and tempo
Vera Cruz harp, hemiolas, sesquialtera

Mariachi Coculense

mariachi quartet that viewed themselves as professional regional musicians
hired for religious, political, festive events

Mariachi Vargas

well known through radio and film
traditional all string instrumentation
first to hire a permanent trumpet plater

vihuela

5 stringed guitar played in mariachi bands
small guitar

Mariachi Sinfonico

vargas and sol de mexio began playing mariachi with mexican symphony orchestras

Mestizo/Mestizaje

indian-spanish
mixed race of spanish/european with indian
mariachi music derived from this

singing Charro

mexican nationalism and return to grassroots culture continued in 1930s film industry

creolization of cuban music

rumba, changui, son, salsa

son

tres, trumpet, claves, NO VIHUELA

sesquialtera

rhythm of Mexican son

son huasteca

mexican genre that involves violin improv and virtuosity

wakrapuku

aerophone from Peru
horn curved made out of animals with high pitches

huayno

couples dance, duple rhythm, binary form love songs sentimental

kena

notched flute of life or transcendence

sikuri

pan-pipe ensembles
HOCKET
reflection of community values, group participation diffused sound
interlocking melodies
song type and musician

sikus

the instrument that plays sikuri
panpipes common among indigenous populations flute that you blow on

chicha

urban popular music based on huayno, electric timbres and cuban percussion

yaravi

song tupe minor, flexible rhythm voice and instruements
binary form

charango

rural indigenous and urban mestizo traditions chordophone
young mens instrument for courting, sexual with decorations and magical rites like snake head

herranza

violin with female voice, heterophony
fertility ritual

waltz

the andes influenced by european
cuatro, mandolin, flute, maracas
sesquialtera

joropo

cowboy culture, the llanos
cuatro, bandola, harp, maracas, sesquialtera

calypso

the east, french and english influence

merengue

dance and genre music
fast paced scraping sound, tambora

cumbia

african and amerindian
courtship ritual
candle flame and flourishing of skirt
cumbia drums, claves, guiro, flutes

ballet de salsa

choreographed salsa dance routines
allowed other groups to form

musica antillana

caribbean music
spanish language, drums interlocking, call and response, string and wind instruments
clave

salsateca

listening to records, drinking, dancing, working class

grupo niche

afro columbian musicians premier salsa orchestra, played in older musica antillana
influenced purer salsa

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